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Cardiovascular Meds

Positive inotropic effects increase force of contraction
Negative inotropic effect decrease force of contraction
Positive chronotropic effect increase heart rate
Negative chronotropic effect decrease heart rate
Preload maximum volume before contraction
Rivaroxaban Factor XA inhibitor
Vitamin K is an antagonist for Coumadin
Protamine is an antagonist for Heparin
Clopirdigel Antiplatelet
Clopirdigel side effects bleeding, long half life 8-11 days, stop two weeks before surgery
Alteplase Thrombolytic agent
Alteplase must be given how many hours after start of a CVA? Four
Normal total cholesterol level is less than 200
Normal LDL level is less than 130
Normal HDL level is greater than 60
Normal triglyceride levels is less than 150
Cholestyramine side effects constipation, flatulence, bloating, nausea
Rosuvastat HMG-COA inhibitor
Rosuvastat side effecrs rhabdomylosis, myalgia
Afterload amount of resistance heart pushes against
Left sided CHF results in Fluid in the lungs
Right sided CHF results in edema extremitis
Most common type of dysrhythmia Atrial fibriliation
Digoxin Cardiac glycoside
Digoxin therapeutic range 0.5-2.0 ng/dl
Only drug that will fix coronary artery spasm in women and stop A-fib Diltiazem
Signs of dioxin toxcitiy anorexia, N/V/D, bradycardia, yellow-green halos, hypokylemia
Hydrochlorothiazide Thiazide Diuretic
Hydrochlorothiazide side effects dehydration, gout, hypokylemia, hyperglycemia
Furosemide Loop diuretic
Drug of choice for pulmonary edmema Furosemide
Mannitol Osmotic Diuretic
Strongest diuretic, used to treat kidney failure, IOP, ICP but can cause tachycardia, hyponatremia, edema, and convulsions Mannitol
Treats acute mountain sickness Acetazolamide
Acetazolamide Carbonic Anhydrase Inhibitor
Sprionactone Potassium sparing diuretic
Nitroglycerin Antiaginal
Nitroglycerin side effects hypotension, headache, reflex tachycardia
Metoprolol Beta Blocker
Metoprolol side effects hypotension, bradycardia, decreased libido, bronchospasm
This drug does not work in African Americans, is twice as effective in Asian AmericanS Beta Blockers
Diltiazem Calcium channel blocker
Trifecta Drug Calcium channel blocker
Prozosin Alpha adrenergic blocker
Prozosin side effects hypotension, bradycardia, reflex tachycardia, fatique
Hydralazine Direct acting vasodialator
Enalapril ACE inhibitor
Enalapril side effects hyperkylemia, angiodema, hypotension,dry cough
Valsartan ARB
Valsartan side effects dizzy, hypoglycemia, hyperkylemia,
Amiodarone antidysrhythmic
Amoiodarone side effects blue-gray skin discoloration (nose, ears, fingertips), electrolyte imbalance, pulmonary toxicity,
Heparin anticoagulant
Heparin side effects bleeding, hemorrhage, thrombocytopenia
Warfarin anticoagluant
Warfarin side effects bleeding, purple-toe syndrome, hyperkylemia
Created by: bfaith1995