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pnf/ndt

techniques

QuestionAnswer
ue flexor synergies scapular elevation and retraction; shoulder abduction and external rotation; elbow flexion; forearm supination; wrist and finger flexion na
le flexor synergies pelvis elevates and retracts; hip flexion, abduction, and ER; knee flexion; ankle df and inversion; toe df na
dynamic reversals (slow reversals) utilizzes isotonic contractions of first agonists, then antagonists performed against resistance. through full ROM. impaired strength and coordination b/n agonist and antagonist, limitations in ROM, fatigue
stabilizing reversals utilizes alternating isotonic contractions of first agonists, then antagonists against resistance, allowing only very limited ROM impaired strength, stability and balance, coordination
rhythmic stabilization utilizes alternatining isometric contractions of first agonists, then antagonists against resistance; no motion is allowed impaired strength and coordination, limitations in ROM, impaired stabilization control and balance
agonist reversals resisted concentric contraction of agonist mms moving through the range is followed by a stabilizing contraction (holding) and then eccentric, lengthening contraction, moving slowly back. weak postural mms, inability to eccentrically control body wt during mvmt transitions, poor dynamic postural control
rhythmic initiation voluntary relaxation followed by passive mvmts progressing to active assisted and active resisted mvmts to finally active mvmts. inability to relax, hypertonicity, difficulty initiating mvmt
rhythmic rotation relaxation is achieved w/ slow, repeated rotation of a limb at a pt where limitation is noticed. as mms relax the limb is slowly and gently moved into the range. relaxation of excess tension in mms (hypertonia) combined w/ PROM of the range limiting mms
Created by: mchlldrum