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pediatric afos


moderate control orthotic hotdog, pattybogs, for low tone, pronated ft, arch support, methead ridge, relaxes ft in hightone children, mild pronation/supination w/ mobility
plantar flexion free splint dafo; dogears for pf and df, functional ankle, methead toe ridge, need med/lat stability, free pf/df
plantarflexion block more control and popular, w/out strap allows pf, prevents toe walking, control for high tone, excellent forefoot/hindfoot control, stops pf but allows df(allows wt shift from flat foot to toe off) good for toe walkers
dorsiflexion assist splint for low tone, med/lat stability for unstable ankles, spring assist df, weak or hypotonic foot
plantarflexion resist splint prevents pf, for kids that have excessive pf but can demonstrate some control (allows some heelstrike and push off), mild hyperextension, athetoid mvmts
articulated hinged splint allows free dorsiflexion and blocks pf, allows development of toe up (df)
rear entry floor reaction splint spina bifida b/c of no gastroc which causes sinking from too much df, solid, no pfs, encourages hip and knee extension
limited ambulation (stretching) for nonambulatory, prevents contractures, keeps ft in alignment, can add or remove tension w/ straps, used at night, good for stretching w/ botox
5 functions of ft load bearing, leverage, shockwave (heelpad), balance (big toe), protection (sensory fibers)
a-frame for spina bifida pts and ambulation
Created by: mchlldrum