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Endocrine System

Endocrine Pathology - (PTA - irongirl)

QuestionAnswer
Hypopituitarism Decrease or absent hormonal secretion from the anterior pituitary gland. Symptoms: dwarfism, delayed growth and puberty, sexual and reproductive disorders and diabetes insipidus.
Hyperpituitarism Excessive secretion of one or multiple hormones under the pituitary gland's control. Symptoms: gigantism or acromegaly, amenorrhea, infertility, and impotence.
Addison's Disease - Adrenal disfunction Decreased production of cortisol and aldosterone. Symptoms: widespread metabolic dysfunction and electrolyte imbalance. Weakness, anorexia, weight loss, altered pigmentation.
Cushing's syndrome - Adrenal disfunction Excessive amount of cortisol. Symptoms: hyperglycemia, frowth failure, truncal obesity, moon shaped face, weakness, acne and hypertension. Mental changes include: depression, poor concentration, memory loss.
Hypothyroidism Decreased levels of thyroid - symptoms: fatigue, weakness, decreased heart rate, wt. gain, constipation, delayed puberty, retarded growth and development.
Hyperthyroidism Excessive level of thyroid hormone - symptoms: increase in nervousness, sweating, wt. loss, BP, bulging eyes
Graves Disease - thyroid disfunction Form hyperthyroidism that is caused by autoimmune disease in which specific antibodies overstimulate the thyroid gland. Symptoms: Goiter, heat intolerance, nervousness, wt. loss, tremor and palpitations.
Hypoparathyroidism Symptoms: hypocalcemia, seizures, cognitive defects, short stature, muscle spasms, muscle pain, and cramps.
Hyperparathyroidism Symptoms: renal stones, kidney damage, depression, memory loss, muscle wasting, bone deformity, and myopathy.
Type I Diabetes Mellitus (pancreas disfunction) Pancreas fails to produce adequate insulin. Symptoms: polyphagia, wt. loss, polyuria, polydipsia, blurred vision, dehydration, fatigue.
Type II Diabetes Mellitus Body does not respond to insulin. Symptoms: same as type I
Created by: irongirl