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Ch 8

The Appendicular Skeleton- LOWER

QuestionAnswer
The pelvis includes 2 hip bones, 1 sacrum, 1 coccyx
The pelvic girdle is made up of two hip (coxal) bones ONLY
Each coxal (hip) bone is made of 3 fused bones Ilium, Pubis, Ischium
The hip socket is also known as Acetabulum
The "Sit bone" Ischium
Pelvic divisions False pelvis, pelvic brim, true pelvis
Pelvic division- TOP OF BOWL False pelvis
pelvic division- BOWL Pelvic brim
Pelvic division- TUCKED INTO BOTTOM OF BOWL True pelvis
Female vs. male pelvis pubic angle wider than 90deg in women to accommodate child birth
Joints of the pelvis include Sacroiliac joint, Pubic symphysis
Entrance to true pelvis, & Border is pelvic brim Pelvic inlet
Exit of true pelvis Pelvic outlet
Lower limb bones Femur, patella, tibia, fibula, tarsals, metatarsals, phalanges
Longest, heaviest bone in body- includes hip & knee joint Femur
Parts of Femur include Head, neck, greater trochanter
Sesamoid bone, provides leverage, forms inside quadriceps tendon Patella
Shinbone, medial bone of leg, Tibial tuberosity Tibia
Ankle bone- medial (part of tibia) Medial Malleolus
Lateral leg bone- not weight bearing Fibula
Lateral ankle bone (part of fibula) Lateral Malleolus
Ankle Bones Tarsal bones
Heel bone- supports weight of body Calcaneus
Attachment site of calf muscles Achilles tendon
Form the foot proper, I-V Metatarsals
Toes of foot Phalanges
Created by: Cfelts0324