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Pulmonary system

Breath sounds - (PTA Scorebuilders - Irongirl)

Normal tracheal/bronchial sounds Loud tubular sounds with a high-pitch noted during inspiration and expiration with a pause between the two components
Vesicular breath sounds Normal,soft, and low-pitched sounds heard over the more distal airways primarily during inspiration. During expiration the soft sound is diminished and only heard in the beginning of expiration.
Abnormal breath sounds Sounds heard outside of the normal location or phase of respiration
Adventitous breath sounds Abnormal breath sounds heard using a stethoscope with inspiration/expiration.
Wheeze (Rhonchi) Musical nature, constant pitch (high or low) and varying duration. Typically a sign of airway obstruction from retained secretions or due to bronchoconstriction. When found with inspiration indicate a more severe obstruction
Stridor High-pitched wheeze heard with inspir/expiration indicates upper airway obstruction. Heard w/o stethoscope indicates EMERGENCY
Crackle (Rales) Bubbles or pop sounds that represent mvt of fluid or secretions during inspiration(wet crackles) or sudden opening of closed airways (dry)
Bronchial breath shounds Abnormal when heard in locations that vesicular sounds are normally present. Pneumonia will produce this
Created by: irongirl