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Pharmacology

Chapters 1 & 2

QuestionAnswer
Vasodilator Widens blood vessels
Anticoagulant Against blood clotting
Analgesic Relieves pain
Diuretics Causes diuresis (excretion of water from body)
Narcotic antagonist Reverses narcotic action
Cardiotonic Slows and strengthens the heartbeat
Antiemetic Decreases nausea and vomiting
Broncholdilator Widens bronchial tubes
Laxative Increases bowel movement
Antitussive Against cough
16 oz. 1pt
4qt 1 gal
16 oz. 1 lb.
1g 1000mg
1mg 1000mcg
1 oz. 30 mL
Unacceptable abbreviation for Units U
You can lead with ______, but can not trail with __________ 0, 0
Unacceptable abbreviation for 5mL 1 tsp.
Unacceptable abbreviation for mL cc
Unacceptable abbreviation for 15mL 1 Tbsp.
Unacceptable abbreviation for Daily qd
When converting grains to mg for aspirin, Tylenol, or Ibeprophen, what does 1 grain equal 65
Before you prepare medications what do you need to do? Review dose ordered, dose available, and quantity on hand
How many pounds are in 1 kg? 2.2
What is the plan of action for incorrect dosage? Confirm dosage with another nurse or pharmacist, notify physician if needed, fill out an incident report if indicated, and document
Action (drug) Action of drugs on the human body is called pharmacodynamics, what body does with drugs is called pharmokinetics
Agonist A drug or other chemical that can combine with a receptor on a cell to produce physiologic reaction typical of a naturally occurring substance
Antagonist A drug or chemical that interferes with the physiological action of another, especially by combining with and blocking receptor
Contraindications Specific conditions which a medication should not be used as it may have a greater than average risk of untoward effects
Compatibility Capable of forming a chemically or biochemically stable system
Drug interaction Situation in which a substance (usually another drug) affects the activity of a drug when both are administered together
Expected action (MOA) Specific biochemical interaction through which a drug substance produces its pharmacological effect
Generic name The name for a medication, as used in the pharmacopeia, it cannot be a trademark. Name is typically give by the inventor, but must be approved first; always lower case
Implications Necessary assessment info which the LPN needs prior to administration of a medication, such as vital signs, lab values, and essential patient & family education related to the medication
Lethal dose The amount of a drug or other agent that if administered to an animal or human will prove fatal
Maximum dose The largest dose that is safe to administer
Minimal does Smallest does of a medicine or drug that will produce an effect
Nurse Practice Act The legislative body in each state that determines the responsibilities of the nursing intervention and holds LPN's accountable to practice within these standards
Patient Response Reactions of the patient to a treatment
Potentiation Increase in strength of nerve impulses along pathways that have been used previously; either short term or long term
Side effect Drug induced effect other than the desired effect
Tolerance Physiological resistance to a toxin diminution in the physiological response to a drug that occurs after continued use, necessitating a larger dose to produce a given response
Toxic dose Amount of a substance that may be expected to produce a toxic effect
Trade name Registered or trademarked name assigned to a drug by manufacturer; always capitalized
What are the six rights of drug administration? Right drug, right dose, right route, right patient, right time, right documentation
What are the five steps in the nursing process? Assessment, diagnosis, planning, implementation, and evaluation
What do you need to know when finding drug information? Indications, dosage range, route of administration, adverse reactions, side effects, drug interactions, effect on lab results, contraindications, antagonist, nursing considerations, and patient teaching
What are the characteristics of a trade name? Short, easy to pronounce and capitalized
What are the characteristics of a generic name? Longer, hard to pronounce and not capitalized
What are both trade and generic drugs required to have? Same chemical compound and make up
What is "half-life"? The time is takes the body to remove 50% of the drug
What are the three ways the body secretes drugs? Urine, feces, and breast milk
What affects absorption and secretion of drugs, as well as prolongs "half-life"? Hepatic and renal function
What does a shorter half-life lead to ? More frequent dosing
Who completes the initial assessment? RN
What is subjective data? Information given by patient or family
What is objective data? Information obtained during physical exam
What is a diagnosis? Conclusion about the patients problem given by the doctor
Who identifies the nursing diagnosis? RN
Is the nursing diagnosis the same as the medical diagnosis? No
What happens during the planning phase? Goals for patient care are determined
Who assist the RN in the planning process? LPN
What happens during implementation? Following the plan of care
What happens during evaluation? What happens when the care plan is implemented
Why is accurate charting so important? It is a legal document
Why don't you give children aspirin? They can develop Reyes syndrome
When do you document? As soon as possible or as a late entry
Steroids are Tapered
What does PTT measure? Deficiencies in clotting factors (Heparin)
What does PT measure? Deficiencies in clotting factors (Coumadin)
What is the antidote for morphine or other narcotic over doses? Narcan
What do beta blockers block? Stimulation of B1 receptors in cardiac smooth muscle
What do calcium blockers do? Inhibit calcium ion influx across the smooth muscle; reduces relaxation of coronary vascular, dilates coronary arteries, slows SA/AV node conduction & dilates peripheral arteries
Convert 93074 milligrams to grams 93.074
Convert 64343 millilitres to litres 64.343
Convert 97.196 micrograms to milligrams 0.097196
Convert 91.765 grams to milligrams 91765
Convert 0.056244 milligrams to micrograms 56.244
Convert 16.961 micrograms to milligrams 0.016961
Convert 9.707 litres to millilitres 9707
Convert 0.089292 metres to micrometres 89292
Convert 97599 milligrams to grams 97.599
Convert 45232 milligrams to grams 45.232
A client is ordered 50 milligrams of Amitriptyline. 25 milligram tablets are available. How many tablets will you give? 2 tablets
A client is ordered 37.5 milligrams of Dothiepin. 75 milligram tablets are available. How many tablets will you give? 0.5 tablets
A client is ordered 37.5 milligrams of Nortriptyline. 25 milligram tablets are available. How many tablets will you give? 1.5 tablets
A client is ordered 300 milligrams of Thioridazine. 100 milligram tablets are available. How many tablets will you give? 3 tablets
A client is ordered 0.5 milligrams of Digoxin. 250 microgram tablets are available. How many tablets will you give? 2 tablets
A client is ordered 2.5 grams of Neomycin sulphate. 500 milligram tablets are available. How many tablets will you give? 5 tablets
A client is ordered 62.5 micrograms of Benztropine Mesylate. 0.25 mg tablets are available. How many tablets will you give? 0.25 tablet
A client is ordered 40 milligrams of Imipramine. 10 milligram tablets are available. How many tablets will you give? 4 tablets
A client is ordered 2.5 milligrams of Haloperidol. 5 milligram tablets are available. How many tablets will you give? 0.5 tablets
A client is ordered 1.25 milligrams of Clonazepam. 0.5 milligram tablets are available. How many tablets will you give? 2.5 tablets
What is the value of Roman Numeral I? 1
What is the value of Roman Numeral V? 5
What is the value of Roman Numeral X? 10
What is the value of Roman Numeral L? 50
What is the value of Roman Numeral C? 100
What is the value of Roman Numeral D? 500
What is the value of Roman Numeral M? 1000
Convert the following Roman Numeral, CDIV 404
Convert the following Roman Numeral, LXII 62
Convert the following Roman Numeral, XLIX 49
Convert the following number to a Roman Numeral, 77 LXXVII
Convert the following number to a Roman Numeral, 63 LXIII
Convert the following number to a Roman Numeral, 99 XCIX
Created by: tandkhopkins