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NECC 2009

Assuring a Patent Airway

QuestionAnswer
When is an artifical airway required? When the patients natural airway can no longer perform it's proper functions. Egans Ch 33 pg 700
What are the contraindications of an artifical airway? When the patient desires to be a DNR.Egans Ch 33 pg701
What are the possible complications of an artifical airway? Trauma to the nose, mouth, tongue, pharynx, larynx, vocal cords, trachea, esophagus, spine, eyes and teeth. Aspiration or infection. Egans Ch 33 pg 701
What does the pharyhgeal airway do? Prevents airway obstruction by keeping the tongue pulled foward and away from the posterior pharynx. Egans Ch 33 Pg 703
Nasal pharyngeal airways always eneter the trachea True or False? False. Egans Ch33 Pg 703
What artifical airway is best for suctioning? Nasal Pharyngeal Airway. Egans Ch 33 Pg 703
What artifical airway can be used as a bite block? Oral Pharyngeal airway. Egans Ch 33 pg 703
What artifical airway is mainly used in emergency life support? Pharyngeal airway. Egans Ch 33 Pg 703
What is an Endotracheal tube? Artifical airways that are placed in the trachea. Egans Ch 33 pg 703.
What is intubation? The process of placing an artifical airway into the trachea. Egans Ch 33 Pg 703.
Pharyngeal airways extend only into the pharynx True or False? True.Egans Ch 33 pg 703.
What is orotracheal intubation? when the tube passes through the Mouth and into the trachea. egans Ch 33 pg 703.
What is nasotracheal intubation? When the ET passes through the nose first. Egans Ch 33 pg 703.
What are two types of tracheal airways? Endotracheal tubes and trachestomy tubes. Egans Ch 33 p 703.
Tracheostomy tubes are inserted surgically Tue or False? True. Egans Ch 33 pg 703.
Endotracheal tubes can be inserted through the mouth only True or False? False. Egans Ch 33 Pg 703.
What part of the ET ensures gas flow if the main port becomes obstructed? Murphy Eye. Egans Ch 33 Pg 703.
What is the purpose of the angle of the bevel on the ET? Minimizes mucosal trauma during insertion. Egans Ch 33 Pg 703.
What is the purpose of inflating the cuff on the ET? It protects from aspiration and provides positive pressure ventilation.Egans Ch 33 pg 703
What is a Radiopaque? An indicator that allows for easy identification of the tube position on the radiograph.Egans Ch 33 pg 703.
Created by: Meagan27