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Unit 2 Energy

Science

TermDefinition
Work the transfer of energy to an object by using a force that causes the object to move in the direction of the force
Energy the ability to cause change
Power the rate at which work is done or energy is transformed
Kinetic Energy the energy of an object that is due to the object's motion
Potential Energy the energy that an object has because of the position, condition, or chemical composition of the object
Mechanical Energy the sum of an object's kinetic energy and potential energy due to gravity or elastic deformation; does not include chemical energy or nuclear energy
Machine a device that helps do work by changing the magnitude and/or direction of an applied force
Mechanical Advantage a number that tells how many times a machine multiplies input force
Mechanical Efficiency a quantity, usually expressed as a percentage, that measures the ratio of work output to work input in a machine
Lever a simple machine that consists of a bar that pivots at a fixed point called a fulcrum
Fulcrum the point on which a lever pivots
Wheel and axle a simple machine consisting of two circular objects of different sizes; the wheel is the larger of the two circular objects, and the axle is attached to the center of the wheel
Pulley a simple machine that consists of a wheel over which a rope, chain, or wire passes
Inclined Plane a simple machine that is a straight, slanted surface, which facilitates the raising of loads; a ramp