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Ch. 17 Therapy

QuestionAnswer
an emotionally charged confideing interaction between a trained therapist & someone who suffers form psychological difficulties psychotherapy
prescribed medcations or medical procedures that act directly on the patient's nervous system biomedical therapy
an approach to psychotherapy that, depending on the client's problems, uses techniques from various forms of therapy eclectic approach
Freud believed the patient's free associations, resistances, dreams, and transferences - and the therapist's interpretations of them - released previously repressed feelings, allowing the patient to gain self insight psychoanalysis
in psychoanalysis, the blocking form consciousness of anxiety-laden material resistance
in psychoanalysis, the analyst's noting supposed dream meanings, resistances, & other significant behaviors & events in order to promote insight interpretation
in psychoanalysis, the patient's transfer to the analyst of emotions linked with other relationships (such as love or hatred for a parent) transference
a humanistic therapy, developed by Carl Rogers, in which the terapist uses techniques such as active listening w/in a genuine accepting, empathic environment to facilitate clients' growth client-centered therapy or person-centered therapy
empathic listening in which the listener echoes, restate, and clarifies active listening
therapy that applies learning principles to the elimination of unwanted behaviors behavior therapy
a behavior therapy procedure that conditions new responses to stimuli that trigger unwanted behaviors; based on classical conditioning; includes exposure therapy & aversive conditioning counterconditioning
behavioral techniques, such as systematic desensitization, that treat anxieties by exposing people (in imagination or actuality) to the things thay fear and avoid exposure therapies
a typeof counterconditioning that associates a pleasant relaxed state with gradually increasing anxiety-triggering stimuli; commonly used to treat phobias systematic desensitization
an anxiety treatment that progressively exposes people to stimulations of their greatest fears, such as airplane flying, spiders, or public speaking virtual reality exposure therapy
a type of counterconditioning that associates an unpleasant state(such as nausea) with an unwanted behavior (such as drinking alcohol) aversive conditioning
an operant conditioning procedure in which people earn a token of some sort for exhibiting a desired behavior and can later exchange the tokens for various privileges or treats token economy
a therapy that teaches people new, more adaptive ways of thinking and acting; based on the assumption that thoughts intervene b/w events & our emotional reactions cognitive therapy
a popular integrated therapy that combines cognitive therapy (changing self-defeating thinking) wiht behavior therapy cognitive-behavior therapy
therapy that treats the family as a system; views an individual's unwanted behaviors as influenced by or directed at other family members; attempts to guide family members toward positive relationships & improved communication family therapy
the study of the effects of drugs on mind and behavior psychopharmacology
involuntary movements of the facial muscles, tongue, & limbs; a possible neurotoxic side effect of long-term use of antipsychotic drugs that target D2 dopamine receptors tardive dyskinesia
a biomedical therapy for severely depressed patients in which a breif electric current is sent through the brain of an anesthetized patient electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)
the application of repeated pulses of magnetic energy to the brain; used to stimulate or suppress brain activity repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS)
surgery that removes or destroys brain tissue in an effort to change behavior psychosurgery
a now-rare pscychosurgical procedure once used to calm uncontollably emotional or violent patients; the procedure cut the nerves that connect the fronta lobes to the emotion-controlling centers of the inner brain lobotomy
the tendency for extremes of unusual scores to fall back (regress) toward their avg. regression toward the mean
a procedure for statistically combining the results of many different research studies meta-analysis
Created by: athidig