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Unit 3- Language & S


British Received Pronunciation (BRP) The dialect of English associated with upper-class Britons living in London; Considered the standard English of the UK.
Language Branch Languages related through a common ancestor that existed several thousand years ago. Differences are not as extensive or as old with language families, and archaeological evidence can confirm that the branches derived from the same family.
Creole A language that results from the mixing of a colonizer’s language with the indigenous language of the people being dominated.
Language Family A collection of languages related to each other through a common ancestor long before recorded history.
Dialect A regional variety of a language distinguished by vocabulary, spelling, and pronunciation.
Language Group A collection of languages within a branch that share a common origin in the relative recent past and display relatively few differences in grammar and vocabulary.
Extinct Language A language that was once used by people in daily activities but is no longer used.
Lingua Franca A language mutually understood and commonly used in trade by people who have different native languages.
Ideograms (Pictograms) The system of writing used in China and other East Asian countries in which each symbol represents an idea or a concept rather than a specific sound, as in the case with English letters.
Literary Traditions A language is written as well as spoken.
Isogloss A boundary that separates regions in which different language usages predominate.
Pidgin language A form of speech that adopts a simplified grammar and limited vocabulary of a lingua franca used for communications among speakers of two different languages.
Isolated language A language that is unrelated to any other languages and therefore not attached to any language family.
Spanglish Combination of Spanish and English.
Language A system of communication through the use of speech, a collection of sounds understood by a group of people to have the same meaning.
Standard Language The form of a language used for official government business, education, and mass communications
Created by: nataliejones