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Terms

Position

QuestionAnswer
Metastasis Transfer of a cancerous lesion from one area to another
Osteoporosis Loss of bone density **Decrease technique
Osteopetrosis Increase of bone density
Atelectasis Collapsed lung
Pneumothorax Air in pleural cavity
Pleural Effusion Fluid found in the pleural cavity
Hemothorax Blood or fluid in pleural cavity
Dextrocardia the heart is on the opposite side
Situs Inversus All internal organs are on the opposite side
Ascites Fluid in the peritoneal cavity
Pneumoperitoneum Free air or gas in the peritoneal cavity
Trabeculae Network of spaces in the spongy bone
Cancellous The lattice work structures of the spongy bone
Mastoid Tip C1
Gonion C2/C3
Hyoid Bone C3/C4
Thyroid Cartilage (Adam's Apple) C5
Vertebra Prominens C7/T1
Approx. 2"above level of jugular notch T1
Level of jugular notch T2/T3
Level of Sternal angle T4/T5
Level of inferior angles of scapulae T7
Level of xiphoid process T9/T10
Inferior costal margin L2/L3
Level of superiormost aspect of iliac crests L4/L5
Level of anterior superior iliac crest (ASIS) S1/S2
Level of pubic symphsis and greater trochanters Coccyx
Caudad CR angle towards the feet
Cephalad CR angle towards the head
Visceral layer refers to the covering of an organ
Parietal layer refers to the wall or lining of a body cavity
Sims Position recumbent position with the patient lying on the left anterior side (semi prone) with the left leg extended and right knee flexed
Lithotomy Position Supine with hips and knees flexed and legs abducted
Contralateral refers to part or parts on the opposite sides of the body
Ipsilateral refers to part or parts on the same side of the body
Trendelenburg Position Supine position, head lower than feet
Fowler Position Supine position, head higher than feet
Horizontal Plane Divides the body into superior and inferior positions also called transverse axial or cross sectional plane
Oblique Plane Passes through the body part at any angle
Coronal Plane Divides the body part into anterior or posterior segments **Midcoronal Plane
Occlusal Plane By bitting the surfaces of the teeth
Sagittal Plane Divides the segments into right or left parts **Midsagittal Plane
Interiliac Plane Transect the pelvis
Compensating filters To improve image quality on anatomical parts with varying tissue density
ileus Intestinal obstruction
Created by: mandy91lou