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Midterm

Chapters 1,2,3,7,11, & 12

Progesterone was the second reliable birth control drug. False
In 1884, Carl Koller, a viennese surgeon, discovered many uses for the coca leaves. True
Data is information that is entered and stored in a storage house. False
in 1981, was the first documented case of AIDS. True
The 1938 Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act was enacted in response to the fatal poisoning of 107 people by an untested drug. True
In Canada, drug regulation is performed by the Food and Drug Administration. False
FDA approval is often more than 10 years. True
Synthetic is a chemical created by combining simpler chemicals into a new chemical into a new chemical not found in nature. True
Pharmaceutics is being of or about material. False
Antitoxins are substances that act against a toxin in the body. True
Quinine is made from the bark of the: Peruvian Cinchona Tree
What chemicals are produced by the body that regulates body functions and processes? hormones
Cocaine was the first effective, what? local anesthetic
The study of drugs, their properties, uses, applications, and effect is called pharmacology
Quinine is also referred to as Jesuit's Powder
The foxglove plant contains a drug that is used to treat heart disease
What was the first drug to be used successfully in the treatment of malaria? Quinine
Which inactive substances, not real medications, are administered to give the patient the impression of receiving and effective medication. placebos
The 1962 Kefauver-Harris Amendment Requires drug manufactures to provide proof of safety and effectiveness before marketing a drug
The 1951 Durham-Humphrey Amendment defines which drugs require a prescription
A legend drug is any drug that requires a prescription
The 1970 Controlled Substances Act (CSA) classifies 5 level of controlled substances that have potential for abuse
Individuals in health care who are given a basic level of training designed to help them are known as technicians
In each state, departments of professional regulation or [BLANK] are responsible for licensing all prescribes and dispensers. state boards
Licensed pharmacists are legally responsible for the work of pharmacy technicians
What individuals may or may not do in their jobs in know as the scope of practice
The 1996 Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) makes health-care providers responsible for maintaining the [BLANK] of patient information. privacy and security
To renew their certification, CPhT's must complete 20 contact hours of pharmacy related continuing education
Personal inventory is an assessment of one's characteristics, skills, [BLANK] etc. qualities
The CPhT credential must be renewed every [BLANK] years. 2
What medication was first introduced in 1960? birth control pill
In 2006, this medication was marketed as the first medication to target a cause of cancer. gardasil
This is what an individual may or may not do in their jobs. scope of practice
Pharmacy technicians perform such tasks as filling prescriptions, packaging doses, performing inventory, and [BLANK]. keeping records
Drugs in DEA schedule 1 have no accepted medical use
Which agencies laws provide a foundation for the state laws that govern pharmacy practice Federal Law
Like pharmacists, most pharmacy technicians are employed in community [BLANK] and [BLANK]. pharmacies/hospitals
A prescription drug is one that has been ordered or prescribed by a physician or other [BLANK] prescriber to treat a patient. licensed
The Joint Commission (TJC) is an independent, non-profit organization that [BLANK] and [BLANK] for nearly 20,000 hospitals. establishes standards/monitors compliance
The DEA was established in 1973 as part of the [BLANK] of 1970. Control Substance Act
The 2005 Combact Methamphetamine Epidemic Act, establishes strict control on OTC sales of pseudoephedrine
Around 400 B.C., medicine was developed with a more scientific approach [BLANK]. based on careful observation
The 1990 Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act (OBRA) requires pharmacist to offer [BLANK] to medicaid patients regarding medications. counseling
What drugs have the ability to mass produce and the advantage of cost effectiveness? synthetic drugs
Federal laws provide a foundation for the [BLANK] that govern pharmacy practice. state laws
Unclear or confusing prescription abbreviations are a common [BLANK] of [BLANK]. cause/errors
In 1928, Alexander Fleming discovered a fungus that produces a chemical that kills bacteria, he named the chemical [BLANK]. penicillin
Protected Health Information (PHI) is any information that could be used to [BLANK] individual or their health history. identify
Medication Therapy Management services provide patients with a look at all the [BLANK] they are taking. medications
An antibiotic is a substance that harms or kills [BLANK] like bacteria and fungi. microorganisms
Over the counter medications do require a prescription and may not be filled without one. False
A prescription is an instruction from a surgical practitioner that authorizes a patient to be issued a drug or device. False
Drugs produce either a desired or undesired effects in the body. True
When a DUR screen appears, the nurse manager should be notified immediately. False
Only a pharmacists can receive a telephone request for a new prescription. True
A technician may council a patient on OTC medications only. False
Tall man lettering has been encouraged by the FDA, ISMP, and the TJC to help distinguish soundalike, look-alike medications. True
The pharmacist should be consulted on all OTC and Scheduled II prescriptions. True
An agonist are drugs that band with receptors, but do not activate them. False
The location where an administered drug produces an effect is called the site of action. True
Prescriptions are governed by federal and state rules and regulations, the primary purpose of these rules and regulations is to provide minimal standards of practice
When most drugs produce an effect, they are interacting at a [BLANK] level with [BLANK] material. molecular, cellular
The primary health care professionals allowed to write prescriptions include all of the following EXCEPT: pharmacists
An example of a Schedule II medication is a narcotic pain reliever
DAW is a code specifying that the brand name drug, rather than its generic equivalent, [BLANK]. is to be dispensed
Which of the following tasks is not the role of the pharmacy technician? Performing final label and product check.
When the directions for a prescription are unclear, the pharmacy technician should ask the pharmacist for clarification
An example of an abbreviation used for a time of administration would be: ac
A pharmacy technician may legally receive a verbal or telephone prescription order for a new prescription from a physician, once the physician has been correctly identified. this a false statement
"Sig" is an abbreviation for the Latin word Signa which means "to write"
Prescription errors can be prevented by the pharmacists, the technician, and computer alerts
An example of an abbreviation used for a medication measurement would be: ss
What is the result of four simultaneously occurring processes: absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion. blood concentration
Biological membranes are complex structures composed of lipids and proteins
If a prescription reads: ii gtt od tid, it is intended for use in the eye
Which is a variable that influences human variability and differences in response to medications? age, genetics, and weight
Some drugs given to children require a higher than normal adult dose. Why? Children metabolize some drugs faster than adults.
What is the nature of a drug idiosyncrasy? it is an unexpected response to medication.
Which of the following describes an antidote? A drug that antagonizes the toxic effect of another drug
If two drugs are taken together and one of them intensifies the action of the other, what type of drug interaction has occurred? synergism
It indicates the direction for use and the administration route signa
Schedule II drugs drugs that have a high potential for abuse
Drugs that bind with receptors but do not activate them antagonist
Auxiliary labels these provide specific warnings, food or medications to avoid for potential side effects
Involves the movement of a drug within the body distribution
Formulary a list approved by the insurance provider
This contains a single dose of medication unit dose package
aa this refers to "of each"; measurement
Dispense as written DAW
Pharmaceutical equivalent drug products that contain identical amounts of the same active ingredient
This provides information for the patient regarding the dispensed medication and how to take it labels
Metabolism refers to the body's process of transforming drugs
Capable of associating with or absorbing water hydrophilic
DUR an alert or message generated by the pharmacy or insurance company notifying the pharmacist of a potential drug safety or payment concern
The cellular material located at the site of action that interacts with the drug receptor
SC, subc, subq subcutaneous; route of administration
Is the length of time a prescribed quantity of medication will last days supply
Hydrophobic water repelling
Medications that do not require a prescription OTC
Therapeutic equivalent pharmaceutical equivalent that produces the same effect
ad right ear; route of administration
au each ear; route of administration
od right eye; route of administration
SL sublingually, under the tongue; route of administration
pv vaginally, into the vagina; route of administration
SR, XR, XL slow/extended release; dosage form
ac before food; before meals, timing of adminstration
pc after food; after meals, timing of adminstration
ss one-half; measurement
gtt drop; measurement
qs, qs ad add sufficient quantity to make; measurement
UD as directed
Faxing or telephoning refill and clarification request to prescribers is who's role? pharmacy technician's
What does ADME stand for? absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion.
What is Half-life? the amount of time it takes for the blood concentration of a drug to decline to one-half an initial value.
Absorption the movement of a drug from the dosage formulation into the blood.
Bioequivalency the comparison of bioavailability between two dosage forms.
Provides information on the therapeutic equivalence of brand and generic drugs. The "Orange Book"
Pharmacogenomics a field of study that defines the hereditary basis of the individual differences in the ADME processes.
ADR adverse drug reaction - an unintended side effect of a medication that is negative or in some way injurious to a patient's health.
Anaphylactic shock a potentially fatal hypersensitivity reaction producing sever respiratory distress and cardiovascular collapse.
Drug resistance is the reduction in effectiveness of a antimicrobial, anthelmintic, or antineoplastic drug.
Acute viral hepatitis an inflammatory condition of the liver caused by viruses.
Cirrhosis a chronic liver disease causing loss of function.
Hyperthyroidism thyroid hormone secretions are above normal; overactive thyroid.
Hypothyroidism thyroid hormone secretions are below normal; underactive thyroid.
Potentiation when one drug with no inherent activity of it's own increases the activity of another drug that produces an effect.
Drug-Diet Interaction when elements of ingested nutrients interact with a drug and this affects the disposition of the drug.
Created by: daniesha23