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Energy

End of unity study guide

TermDefinition
Energy The ability to cause change
Mechanical Energy Energy that moves objects
Sound Energy results from the vibration of particles on a solid, liquid, or gas
Chemical energy Energy that is stored in the chemical composition of matter
Thermal Energy The total amount of energy from the movement of particles in matter
Electromagnetic Energy Transmitted through space in the form of invisible waves
Nuclear energy When a heavy atom's nucleus breaks apart or the joining of two atoms
Kinetic energy The energy of motion
Potential energy Stored energy that an object has due to it position or chemical composition
mass A measure of how much matter an object is made of
Matter Anything that takes up space. Solid, liquid, gas
Thermometer device used to measure temperature
Temperature measured in ºC and ºF
Conduction the process that moves energy from one object to another
Conductors Materials that transfer energy easily. Keeps heat out
Insulators poor conductors of energy. Keeps heat in
Convection The process that transfers energy by the movement of large numbers of particles in the same direction within a liquid or gas.
Radiation Energy that travels as electromagnetic waves
ºC Water freezes at 0℃ Water boils at 100℃
Water freezes at 32℉ Water boils at 212℉
Conduction, convection, radiation 3 ways thermal energy is transferred
Heat another term for thermal energy
Scientific Method Process for experiments
Hypothesis prediction written as an if_____ then statement
Created by: bnfeagin