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SWP Glossary Terms

SWP Chapter 2

Active Policy A government plan of action that guides people toward entering (or re-entering) the workforce, or that gives incentives to beneficiaries who choose work or training in lieu of benefits.
Bill A written proposal for a law or piece of legislation that is submitted to a legislature (at either the federal or provincial level) for approval
Citizen Participation The active involvement of community members in the planning, development, and/or administration of policies and programs that affect them.
Client A consumer, participant, or beneficiary of a social welfare program or service.
Data Collection tool An instrument used to collect quantitative or qualitative information about social conditions and problems. Examples include statistics, surveys, interviews, and focus groups.
Disability A physical, mental, or environmental condition that substantially restricts a person's ability to perform tasks that are normal for his or her age.
Horizontal fiscal imbalace A condition in which a province or territory has more wealth than another province or territory.
Indicator A statistic or piece of data that measures or "indicates" the existence of something. An indicator can help to illustrate how a social or economic condition manifests itself in society, and how it might change over time.
Interest Groups An organized collective that forms to support specific causes, and tries to influence government policy for the benefit of its own members or on behalf of the general public.
LICOs A collection of measurements developed by Statistics Canada that identify the minimum level of income required for a family to purchase food, shelter, and other basics in Canada.
Logic Model A framework that describes the components of a policy or program, and the causal relationships between them. The description reveals a series of "if-then" relationships
Longitudinal Survey A statistical survey that is administered to a constant group of people several times at regular intervals over a relatively long period of time
Passive Policy A government plan of action that does not require beneficiaries of government assistance to give anything in exchange for benefits. See also active policy.
Policy Analysis A systematic examination of a public policy for the purpose of learning about the policy.
Policy Community A loosely defined set of individuals, groups, and organizations from both inside and outside government that influence the development of public policy.
Poverty A state of living characterized by lack, deprivation, and an inability to obtain the bare necessities. A form of social exclusion. A state of being powerless, voiceless, or dependent on others for resources.
Practice Knowledge A body of information or data, collected by professional helpers through observation and the provision of direct services, that gives evidence regarding what activities appear to help or hinder client progress.
Process Model A framework used to analyze or evaluate a social welfare program or a social policy that is primarily concerned with how the program or policy is created or implemented.
Program Evaluation A process of examining programs and services to determine whether they are needed and used, how effective they are, how well they are run, and/or whether their benefits justify their costs.
Public Policy A plan of action developed by government in response to a particular issue or need; this plan gives structure to public programs.
Racism Prejudice or discrimination against one or more people based on the belief that race determines certain traits, behaviours, or abilities.
Social Exclusion A social process whereby large segments of the population are prevented from fully integrating into or participating in society, or feel alienated, marginalized, or unaccepted by the mainstream society.
Social Knowledge A body of information, data, research results, and practice knowledge that is used to understand and address social conditions and social problems.
Social Policy A plan or guideline developed and used by government to create, maintain, or change living conditions so that they are conducive to people's health and well-being.
Social policymaker An elected government official who creates the laws, legislation, and policies related to social programs.
Social problem A condition in society that creates a measurable degree of social hardship, psychological or physical injury, or other negative consequence for a large segment of the population, and that people are concerned about and want changed
Social welfare policy A government's plan or guideline that provides the direction for most income security programs and social services. Social welfare policy is a type of public policy and a subset of social policy.
Vertical fiscal imbalance A term to describe the disparity between the federal government's ability to raise money as compared to that of lower levels of government.
Created by: Lysa545