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Chapter 4 - The Human World

culture way of life of a group of people who share similar culture traits, including beliefs, customs, technology and material items.
language family group of related languages that have all developed from one language
ethnic group group of people who share common ancestry, language, religion, customs or place of origin
culture region division of the Earth in which people share a similar way of life, including language, religion, economic systems and values
cultural diffusion the spread of culture traits, material and non-material, form one culture to another
culture hearth a center where cultures developed and from which ideas and traditions spread outward
birthrate number of births per year for every 1,000 people
death rate number of deaths per every 1,000 people
natural increase the growth rate of a population, the difference between birthrate and death rate
migration the movement of people from place to place
demographic transition the model that used birthrates and death rates to show how populations in countries or regions change over time
doubling time the number of years it takes for a population to double in size
population pyramid a diagram that show the distribution of a population by age and gender
population distribution the valuation in population that occur across a country, a continent o the world
population density the average number of people living on a square mile or square kilometer of land
community people with common interests living in a particular area
trend a general movement
unitary system form of government in which all key powers are given to the national or central government
federal system form of government in which powers are divided between the national government and state or provincial government
autocracy system of government in which one person rules with unlimited power and authority
monarchy a form of autocracy with a hereditary king or queen exercising supreme power
oligarchy system of government in which a small group holds power
theocracy system government in which those who rule are regarded as divinely inspired
democracy system of government in which leaders rule with consent of the citizens
natural boundary a fixed limit or extent defined along physical geographic features such as mountains and rivers
cultural boundary a geographical boundary between two different cultures
geometric boundary a boundary that follows a geometric pattern
Created by: dcaeschliman