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Pharm Terms ch3

Adverse Event any undesirable experience associated with the use of a medical product in a pt
Adverse Effect unfavorable drug reaction
Side Effect nontherapeutic reaction to a drug
Allergic reaction acquired hyperresponse of body defenses to a foreign substance
Anaphylaxsis severe type of allergic reaction involving systemic release of histamine
Symptoms of anaphylactic shock acute dyspnea & hypotension, tachycardia,
Five rights of drug administration pt, med, dose, route, time
Three checks of drug administration check drug w/ MAR when removing it from drawer, check drug when preparing it, check drug before admin to pt
Compliance taking med in manner that its prescribed
STAT order any med that is needed immediately and to be given only once
ASAP order should be given within 30 mins of written order
Single order drug to be given only once, and at a specific time, such as a preoperative order
PRN order administered as required by the patient's condition
Routine orders orders not written as STAT, ASAP, NOW, or prn - usually carried out within 2 hours of written
Standing order written in advance of a situation that is to be carried out under specific circumstances
Sublingual under the tongue
Buccal cheek
Orally disintegrating tablets (ODTs) oral soluble films that allow for quick dissolving of med without the need for external source of water
Ophthalmic eye
Otic ear
Transdermal patches
Parenteral route needle into skin, subQ tissue, muscles, & veins; more invasive than topical or enteral
Intradermal (ID) admin into dermis layer, easily absorbed because of amt of blood vessels
Subcutaneous deepest layer of the skin, small volume doses
Intramuscular (IM) med moves quickly into blood vessels
Intravenous (IV) directly into bloodstream