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Counselling

Counselling Midterm #1

TermDefinition
ETHICS THE PRINCIPLES AND RULES OF ACCEPTABLE OR PROPER CONDUCT. DEFINE THE LIMITS OF PERMISSIBLE BEHAVIOUR
DUAL RELATIONSHIP A RELATIONSHIP IN WHICH THERE IS BOTH A COUNSELLING RELATIONSHIP & ANOTHER TYPE OF RELATIONSHIP (E.G. FRIENDSHIP)
ABSOLUTE CONFIDENTIALITY AN ASSURANCE THAT CLIENT DISCLOSURES ARE NOT SHARED WITH ANYONE
RELATIVE CONFIDENTIALITY THE ASSUMPTION THAT CLIENT DISCLOSURES MAY BE SHARED WITHIN THE AGENCY WITH SUPERVISORS OR COLLEAGUES - OUTSIDE THE AGENCY W/ CLIENT PERMISSION - OR BECAUSE OF LEGAL REQUIREMENTS (E.G. CHILD ABUSE LEGISLATION)
DUTY TO WARN THE PROFESSIONAL RESPONSIBILITY THAT COUNSELLORS HAVE TO INFORM PEOPLE WHOM THEY BELIEVE A CLIENT MAY HARM
2 CORE COUNSELLING VALUES 1) DIGNITY & WORTH OF PEOPLE 2) CLIENT'S RIGHT TO SELF-DETERMINATION
VALUES WHAT INDIVIDUALS OR GROUPS CONSIDER IMPORTANT OR WORTH WHILE
SELF-DETERMINATION THE PRINCIPLE THAT PROMOTES THE RIGHTS OF CLIENTS TO HAVE AUTONOMY AND FREEDOM OF CHOICE
ETHICAL DILEMMA A SITUATION INVOLVING COMPETING OR CONFLICTING VALUES OR PRINCIPLES
5 ETHICAL RULES 1) AUTONOMY 2) BENEFICENCE 3) NONMALEFICENCE 4) JUSTICE 5) FIDELITY
MODEL FOR RESOLVING ETHICAL DILEMMAS 1) GATHER FACTS 2) IDENTIFY ETHICAL ISSUES & POTENTIAL VIOLATIONS 3) IDENTIFY & EVALUATE OPTIONS & STRATEGIES 4) TAKE ACTION
ASSUMPTIONS DISTORTIONS OR FALSE CONCLUSIONS BASED ON SIMPLISTIC REASONING, INCOMPLETE INFORMATION, OR BIAS
2 BASIC SELF AWARENESS QUESTIONS 1) WHO AM I? 2) HOW DO OTHERS SEE ME?
DEFENCE MECHANISM MENTAL PROCESS THAT SHIELDS A PERSON FROM UNDESIRABLE OR UNACCEPTABLE THOUGHTS, FEELINGS OR CONCLUSIONS - THAT IF ACCEPTED WOULD CREATE ANXIETY OR CHALLENGE ONE'S SENSE OF SELF
COUNSELLING A PROCESS OF HELPING CLIENTS TO LERN SKLLS, DEAL W/ FEELINGS & MANAGE PROBLEMS
3 VARIABLES THAT DEFINE COUNSELLING 1) NEEDS/WANTS OF CLIENTS 2) THE MANDATE OF THE COUNSELLING SETTING 3) EXPERTISE/COMPETENCE OF THE COUNSELLOR
INTERVIEWING ACQUIRING AND ORGANIZING RELEVANT INFORMATION USING ACTIVE LISTENING SKILLS, INCLUDING: ATTENDING, SILENCE, PARAPHRASING, SUMMARIZING, QUESTIONING & EMPATH
PSYCHOTHERAPY ADVANCED COUNSELLING TARGETING SEVERE EMOTIONAL OR BEHAVIOURAL DIFFICULTIES OR DISORDERS
VERSATILITY THE NEED FOR COUNSELLORS TO DEVELOP A BROAD RANGE OF SKILLS SO THEY CAN ADAPT THEIR APPROACH TO FIT THE CLIENT
SKILL CLUSTERS CATEGORIES OF SKILLS BASED ON THEIR INTENDED PURPOSE OR HELPING ACTIVITY
RELATIONSHIP-BUILDING SKILLS TOOLS FOR ENGAGING CLIENTS & DEVELOPING TRUST
CORE CONDITIONS 1) WARMTH 2) EMPATHY 3) POSITIVE REGARD 4) GENUINENESS
CONGRUENCE THE CAPACITY TO BE REAL & CONSISTENT W/ CLIENTS BY MATCHING BEHAVIOUR, FEELINGS & ACTIONS
GENUINESS A MEASURE OF HOW AUTHENTIC OR REAL ONE IS IN A RELATIONSHIP
EMPATHY THE ABILITY TO ACCURATELY UNDERSTAND THE EMOTIONAL PERSPECTIVE OF ANOTHER PERSON (I.E. PUT YOURSELF IN THEIR SHOES)
POSITIVE REGARD THE ABILITY TO RECOGNIZE THE INHERENT WORTH OF PEOPLE
ACTIVE LISTENING TERM USED TO DESCRIBE A CLUSTER OF SKILLS THAT ARE USED TO INCREASE THE ACCURACY OF UNDERSTANDING.
ATTENDING THE WAY COUNSELLORS COMMUNICATE TO THEIR CLIENTS THAT THEY ARE READY, WILLING & ABLE TO LISTEN. CAN BE VERBAL, NON-VERBAL & ATTITUDINAL CUES
PARAPHRASING A NONJUDGMENTAL RESTATEMENT OF THE CLIENT'S WORDS & IDEAS IN THE COUNSELLOR'S OWN WORDS
SUMMARIZING A WAY OF CONDENSING CONTENT
RELATIONSHIP CONTRACTING NEGOTIATING THE INTENDED PURPOSE OF THE COUNSELLING RELATIONSHIP, INCLUDING AGREEING ON THE EXPECTED ROLES OF BOTH COUNSELLOR & CLIENT
SESSIONAL CONTRACT AN AGREEMENT BETWEEN COUNSELLOR & CLIENT REGARDING THE TOPIC & EXPECTED OUTCOME OF AN INTERVIEW OR SESSION
ANTICAPATORY CONTRACT AN AGREEMENT BETWEEN COUNSELLOR & CLIENT THAT PLANS FOR PREDICTABLE EVENTS & HOW THEY WILL BE HANDLED IF THEY ARISE
IMMEDIACY A TOOL FOR EXPLOREING, EVALUATIONG & DEEPENING A COUNSELLING RELATIONSHIP. BY ADDRESSING PROBLEMS/FEELINGS WHEN THEY ARISE BEFORE THEY CAN HAVE A NEGATIVE IMPACT ON THE RAPPORT
DIRECTIVES SHORT STATEMENTS THAT PROVIDE DIRECTION TO CLIENTS ON TOPICS, INFORMATION & PACE (E.G. "TELL ME MORE")
SIMPLE ENCOURAGERS SHORT PHRASES & GESTURES THAT ENCOURAGE CLIENTS TO CONTINUE W/ THEIR STORIES (E.G. HEAD NODS, "UH HUH")
EMPOWERING SKILLS SKILLS USED TO HELP CLIENTS DEVELOP CONFIDENCE, SELF-ESTEEM, & CONTROL OVER THEIR LIVES
STRENGTHS APPROACH COUNSELLING APPROACH THAT ASSUMES THE INHERENT CAPACITY OF PEOPLE. INDIVIDUALS/COMMUNITIES ARE SEEN TO HAVE ASSETS/RESOURCES THAT CAN BE MOBILIZED FOR PROBLEM SOLVING
CHALLENGING SKILLS SKILLS USED TO ENCOURAGE CLIENTS TO CRITICALLY EVALUATE THEIR BEHAVIOUR & IDEAS
CONFRONTATION COUNSELLING INITIATIVES THAT CHALLENGE CLIENTS TO CRITICALLY EXAMINE THEIR ACTIONS AND/OR CONSIDER OTHER VIEWPOINTS
SELF-AWARENESS THE PROCESS OF BECOMING ALERT & KNOWLEDGEABLE ABOUT ONE'S OWN WAY OF THINKING, ACTING & FEELING
ACTION PLANNING HELPING CLIENTS MAKE CHANGES IN THEIR LIVES - INVOLVES SETTING GOALS, IDENTIFYING STRATEGIES FOR CHANGE & DEVELOPING PLANS FOR REACHING GOALS
PHASES OF COUNSELLING 1 )PRELIMINARY 2) BEGINNING 3) ACTION 4) ENDING
CATHARSIS AN EMOTIONAL RELEASE OF FEELINGS ABOUT PAST OR CURRENT EXPERIENCES THAT RESULTS IN A POWERFUL RELEASE OF PENT-UP FEELINGS,
BURNOUT A STATE OF EMOTIONAL, MENTAL & PHYSICAL EXHAUSTING THAT REDUCES OR PREVENTS PEOPLE FROM PERFORMING THEIR JOB
VICARIOUS TRAUMA AN OCCUPATIONAL HAZARD FOR PEOPLE IN HELPING PROFESSIONS, WHERE THEY DEVELOP THE SAME SYMPTOMS AS THEIR CLIENTS WHO HAVE BEEN TRAUMATIZED
PSEUDO-COUNSELLING A PROCESS WHERE THE WORKER & CLIENT ENGAGE IN CONVESATIONS THAT ARE EMPTY & INVOLVES EXPLORATION OF IRRELEVANT ISSUES
RESCUING BANDAIDING... COUNSELLOR'S ACTIONS THAT PREVENT OR PROTECT A CLIENT FROM DEALING WITH ISSUES OR FEELINGS
COUNSELLING RELATIONSHIP A TIME-LIMITED PERIOD OF CONSULTATION BETWEEN A COUNSELLOR & A CLIENT DEDICATED TO ACHIEVING A DEFINED GOAL
WARMTH AN EXPRESSION OF NONPOSSESSIVE CARING THAT REQUIRES GENUINENESS & INVOLVEMENT, THE ACCEPTANCE OF THE EQUAL WORTH OF OTHERS & AVOIDANCE OF BLAMING
WORK CONTRACT AN AGREEMENT THAT SPECIFIES THE INTENDED GOALS OR OUTCOME OF COUNSELLING
DEPENDENT RELATIONSHIP A COUNSELLING RELATIONSHIP IN WHICH CLIENTS BECOME OVERLY RELIANT ON THEIR COUNSELLORS FOR DECISION MAKING.
I-STATEMENTS CLEAR ASSERTIONS ABOUT PERSONAL FEELINGS OR REACTIONS THAT DO NOT BLAME OR JUDGE OTHERS
TRANSFERENCE THE TENDENCY OF CLIENTS TO COMMUNICATE W/ THEIR COUNSELLORS IN THE SAME WAY THAT THEY COMMUNICATED TO SIGNIFICANT PEOPLE IN THEIR PAST
COUNTERTRANSFERENCE THE POSITIVE OR NEGATIVE WISHES/FEELINGS OF THE COUNSELLOR UNCONSCIOUSLY DIRECTS OR TRANSFERS TO A CLIENT, STEMMING FROM HIS/HER OWN UNRESOLVED CONFLICTS
DOORKNOB COMMUNICATION WHEN THE CLIENT BRINGS UP AN IMPORTANT ISSUE AT THE END OF THE INTERVIEW/RELATIONSHIP WHEN THERE IS LITTLE OR NO TIME TO ADDRESS THEM
THE LISTENING PROCESS 1) HEARING & REMEMBERING VERBAL & NONVERBAL MESSAGES 2) SELECTING & SORTING INFORMATION, IDEAS & FEELINGS 3) UNDERSTANING MEANING & EMOTION 4) RESPONDING
SELECTIVE PERCEPTION A TERM USED TO DESCRIBE THE NATURAL TENDENCY TO AVOID BEING OVERWHELMED BY INFORMATION BY SCREENING OUT MATERIAL THAT IS IRRELEVANT
KINESICS THE STUDY OF BODY LANGUAGE (E.G. POSTURE, FACIAL EXPRESSIONS, GESTURES & EYE MOTION)
PROXEMICS A TERM USED TO DESCRIBE HOW PEOPLE USE SPACE & DISTANCE IN SOCIAL BEHAVIOUR
METACOMMUNICATIONS THE MESSAGE THAT IS HEARD (INTERPRETED) WHICH MAY DIFFER FROM THE WORDS SPOKEN OR THE INTENDED MESSAGE OF THE SPEAKER
ATTENDED SILENCE COUNSELLOR SILENCE CHARACTERIZED BY MAKING EYE CONTACT, PHYSICALLY & PSYCHOLOGICALLY FOCUSING ON THE CLIENT & BEING SELF-DISCIPLINED TO MINIMIZE INTERNAL & EXTERNAL DISTRACTION
CONTENT SUMMARY A SUMMARY THAT FOCUSES ON CONTENT & IS AN UNEDITED CONDENSING OF THE CLIENT'S WORDS
THEME SUMMARY A SUMMARY THAT EDITS UNNECESSARY DETAIL & ATTEMPTS TO IDENTIFY KEY PATTERS AND AREAS OF URGENCY
L-I-V-E AN ACRONYM THAT DESCRIBES THE 4 ESSENTIAL STEPS IN SUMMARIZING: 1) LISTEN 2) IDENTIFY 3) VERBALIZE 4) EVALUATE
Created by: d_bradley4