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Pat Care Ch20

Drug Administration

Drugs are administered by Oral, Sublingual, Topical, Parenteral
The most common method of drug administration? Oral Route
When recieving drugs orally, the patient must be... conscious and the head should be elevated to aid in swallowing.
Sublingual Drug Administration the drug is placed under the tongue and allowed to dissolve. Should NOT be swallowed!
a common sublingual drug is nitroglycerin
Drugs for topical application have become available in a unit-dose device called a Transdermal Patch
Parenteral Any injection of a drug with a needle and suringe beneath the surface of the skin.
Parenteral Routes Subcutaneous, Intramuscular, Intravenous, & Drip Infusion
Drugs are injected into the body with a Single use Plastic Syringe
3 parts of a Syringe 1. the Tip, where the needle attaches.2. The Barrel, where the calibration scales are printed.3. The Bevel, which is slanted part at the tip of the needle.
Needles are sized according to length & gauge
The gauge refers to the thickness of diameter of the needle.
the length of the gauge refers to the measurement in inches of the shaft portion
The smaller the diameter of the shaft The larger the gauge number
Drugs intended for parenteral administration are packaged in two different kinds of containers Ampule &Vial
Ampule Sealed glass container designed to hold a single dose of a drug and intended for use only once.
Vial Small glass bottle with a sealed rubber cap. May contain multiple doses.
The most common sites for Subcutaneous Drug Administration Anterior Thigh, Upper Back, Outer surface of the upper arm, & Lower Abdomen
The needle length and angle of insertion depend on the Thickness of the Tissue
Most common sites for Intramuscular Drug Administration The deltoid muscle in the upper arm. The Vastus Lateralis muscle in the Lateral Thigh. And the Gluteus Maximus in the butt.
The Intravenous Drug is placed directly into a vein
Most common sites for Intravenous drug administration The cepallic vein on the lateral side and basillic vein on the medial side of the forearm & elbow. The cephallic & basillic veins on the posterior surface of the hand.
Created by: Darla1083