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science vocabulary

science vocabulary for 1.1-1.3

TermDefinition
Science The study of the natural world through logical reasoning; leads to a body of knowledge
Observing The process of using on or more of your senses to gather information.
Inferring The process of making an inference, an interpretation based on prior knowledge and observations.
Predicting The process of forecasting what will happen in the future based on past knowledge
Chemistry The study of properties of matter and how matter changes.
Physics The study of matter, energy, motion, and forces and how they interact.
Scientific Inquiry The ongoing process of discovery in science; the diverse ways in which scientists study the natural world and propose explanations based on evidence they gather.
Hypothesis A possible explanations for a set of observations or set of scientific questions. must be testable
Parameter A factor that can be measured in an experiment.
Manipulated Variable The one factor that the scientist changes during an experiment; also called the
Responding Variable The factor that changes in respondance changes to the manipulated or independent variable in an experiment. Also called the dependent variable
Controlled Experiment An experiment in which the person conducting the test only changes one variable at a time.
Data Facts, figures, and other data gathered through observations.
Communicating The act of sharing your research, data, and conclusions with other people.
Model Physical, mental, and visual representations of an idea to help people understand the concept of an idea they cannot observe directly.
Scientific Theory A set of explanations for a wide range of observations or experimental results.
Scientific Law A statement that scientists expect to happen every time under a particular set of conditions.
Graph A picture of information from a data table; shows the relationship between variables.
Horizontal Axis The line on a graph that runs on the bottom and shows the independent variable.
Vertical Axis The line on a graph and runs vertically and shows the dependent variable.
Origin The (0,0) part on a line graph where the x and y axis cross on a graph.
Coordinate A pair of numbers used to find the position of a point on a graph.
Data Point A point on a graph that shows the location of a piece of data.
Line of Best Fit A smooth line that reflects the general pattern on a graph.
Linear Graph A line graph in which the data points yield a straight line.
Slope The steepness of a line on a graph, equal to its vertical change, equal to its horizontal change.
Nonlinear Graph A line graph in which the data points do not fall in a straight line.
Qualitative Data Data that cannot be explained using measurements or numbers.
Quantitative Data Data that can be explained using measurements or numbers.
Created by: Hmurguiagonzalez