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Rocks Chapter 2

6th grade Advance Science - Rocks Part 2

The process by which dissolved minerals crystallize and glue particles of sediment together into one mass. Cementation
The process by which sediments are pressed together under their own weight. Compaction
The process in which sediment is laid down in new locations. Deposition
Igneous rock that forms when magma hardens beneath Earth's surface. (granite-continental crust) Intrusive Igneous Rocks
Sedimentary rock that forms when minerals crystallize from a solution. (limestone) Chemical Rock
Sedimentary rock that forms when rock fragments are squeezed together under high pressure. (conglomerate) Clastic Rock
The process by which water, ice, wind, or gravity moves weathered rock or soil. Erosion
Igneous rock that forms from lava on Earth's surface. (basalt-oceanic crust) Extrusive Igneous Rocks
When the grains of a metamorphic rock are arranged in parallel layers or bands. (gneiss) Foliated
This type of rock forms from cooling magma or lava. Igneous Rocks
This type of rock forms when an existing rock is changed into a new rock by intense heat and pressure. Metamorphic Rocks
When the grains of metamorphic rocks are arranged randomly. (quartzite) Nonfoliated
Sedimentary rock that forms from remains of organisms deposited in thick layers. (coal) Organic Rock
A series of processes on the surface and inside the Earth that slowly changes rocks from one kind to another. Rock Cycle
Small, solid pieces of material that come from rocks or organisms; earth materials deposited by erosion. Sediment
This type of rock forms when particles or sediments from other rocks or remains of plants are animals are layered, pressed, and cemented together. Sedimentary Rock
The process that breaks down rock (mountains) on Earth's surface. It breaks down the rock into small particles called sediments. Weathering
Created by: Two Kids