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Chapter 10

Respitory Drugs

QuestionAnswer
Respiratory drugs are used to treat disease of the --, --, and -- bronchi bronchi-oles lungs
Categories of respiratory drugs are (9) bronchodilator drugs corticosteroid drugs, leukotriene formation inhibitor drugs leukotriene receptor blocker drugs monoclonal antibody drugs mast cell stabilizer drugs, expectorant drugs, and drugs used to treat tuberculosis drugs used to stop smoki
--drugs relax the smooth muscle layer around the --, allowing then to dilate, which increases air flow to the lungs. Bronchodilator bronchioles
Brochodilator drugs are used to prevent or treat --and --, -- -- -- --(COPD), -- --, and -- asthma bronchospasm chronic obstructive pulmonary disease chronic bronchitis emphysema
The --and --of the respiratory system normally have open air passageways that are surrounded by a layer of smooth musle. bronchi bronchioles
--drugs relax the smooth muscle (--) and increase the air flow Bronchodilator bronchodilation
-- -- -- drugs stimulate --receptors in the smooth muscle around the --by mimicking the action that --(from the sympathetic division of the nervous system) has on these receptors Beta-Against Bronchodilator beta2 bronchioles epinephrine
beta-against bronchodilator drugs are also known as sympathomimetic bronchodilator drugs
beta-against bronchodilator drugs are called -- --drugs because they mimic the action of the -- --of the -- --. sympathomimetic bronchodilator sympathetic division nervous system
albuterol (category, aka) beta against bronchodilator drugs Proventil HFA, Ventolin HFA
arformoterol (category, aka) beta against bronchodilator drugs Brovana
formoterol beta against bronchdilator drugs Foradil Aerolizer
indacaterol beta against bronchdilator drugs Arcapta
levalbuterol beta against bronchdilator drugs Xopenex
pirbuterol beta against bronchdilator drugs Maxair Autohaler
salmeterol beta against bronchdilator drugs Serevent Diskus
the ending -- is common to generic beta-against bronchodilatordrugs terol
Be carefult o distinguish between these two sound-alike generic beta-agonist bronchodilator drugs: arformoterol and formoterol
--is also available in a tablet form, but tablets must first dissolve in the stomach and be absorbed into the blood, so the tablet form cannot work as quickly to relieve --as the inhaled form can Albuterol bronchoconstriction
--(Xopenex) is manfactured as a liquid in a small -- --. Levalbterol metal canister
drug dispenser with a mouthpiece and aerosol canister. The canister is filled with a bronchodilator drug in a liquid or powder form. When the canister is pushed down, the drug is dispenses through the mouthpiece as the patient inhales. measured in puffs metered dose inhaler
-- -- drugs relax smooth muscle around the bronchioles (the exact mechanism is unknown); they also stimulate the --center in the --. xanthine bronchodilator respiratory brain
dyphylline xanthine bronchodilator drugs Lufyllin
theophylline xanthine bronchodilator durgs
theophylline xanthine bronchodilator drugs Elixophyllin
the ending -- is common to generic xanthine bronchodilator drugs phylline
-- -- drugs block the action of --on muscarinic receptors in the smooth muscle around the bronchioles. This causes the bronchioles to relax and dilate anticholinergic bronchodilator acetylcholine
aclidinium
Created by: 1768652976725599