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Gestalt Therapy

PCC-HR-2B-Gestalt Therapy

Gestalt Therapy founder Frederick Perls
Gestalt Therapy Is based on the assumption that each individual is capable of assuming personal responsibility and living fully as an integrated person.
Concepts (1-3) 1) people tend to seek closure; 2) a person's "gestalts" reflects his/her current needs; 3) a person's behavior represents a whole which is greater than the sum of its parts;
Concepts (4-5) 4) behavior can only be fully understood in context; and 5) a person experiences the world in accord with the principle of figure and ground.
Personality Theory Consisting of two parts, the self and the self-image.
Self Is the creative aspect of the personality which promotes the individual's inherent tendency for self-actualization.
Self-actualization The ability to bring the self from "potency to act," or to live as a fully integrated person.
Self-image The "darker side" of the personality. It hinders growth and self-actualization by imposing external standards.
View of Maladaptive Behavior A "growth disorder" which involves an abandonment of the self for the self-image. The result of one or more "boundary disturbances," which all reflect identification with the self-image.
Introjection Occurs when a person psychologically swallows whole concepts (i.e., when the person accepts concepts, facts, and standards from the environment without understanding or fully assimilating them.
Projection Involves making someone or something in the environment responsible for what originates in oneself.
Retroflection Involves doing to oneself what one wants to do to others.
Confluence Refers to the absence of a boundary between the self and environment.
Therapeutic Goals Is to help a client achieve maturity (self-responsibility and self-support) and integration (the ability to function as a systematic whole).
Therapeutic Techniques (6) Directed awareness; Using "I" language; No questions; Games of dialogue; Assuming responsibility; Dream work
Therapeutic Tecniques Focuses on the immediate present awareness of one's experiences.
Transference Counterproductive - they respond to a client's transference by helping the client recognize the difference between his/her transference fantasy and reality
Awareness A full understanding of one's here-and-now thoughts, feelings, actions, and sensations.
Directed Awareness Use simple, direct questions to encourage clients to stay in the here-and-now.
Using "I" Language Clients are asked to begin sentences with "I". This is done to help them assume responsibility for their actions.
No Questions Clients are discouraged from asking questions because questions are thought to foster intellectualizing and mask true feelings.
Games of Dialogue Use role-playing (psychodrama) to help clients express their feelings directly. (Empty-chair technique)
Assuming Responsibility Clients are asked to add the phrase "...and I take responsibility for it" to the statemtns they make to increase their sense of responsibility for their own thoughts, feelings, and actions.
Dream Work View the elements of recurring dreams as representations of parts of the self not fully accepted.
Created by: SBT38