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Neo-Freudians

PCC-HR-1D-Neo-Freudians

TermDefinition
Names of Neo-Freudians Erich Fromm, Karen Horney, & Harry Stack Sullivan
Personality Theory View social factors as the primary determinants of personality
Horney Personality Theory Most interested in early interpersonal relationships.
Sullivan Personality Theory Emphasized the importance of interpersonal relationships throughout the lifespan.
Fromm Personality Theory Interested in the impact of the structure and dynamics of society of personality development.
Maladaptive Behavior-Horney Saw anxiety as the result of the child's social relationships, especially the child's relationships with his/her parents.
Anxiety Is a pervasive feeling of being helpless and isolated in a potentially hostile world.
Maladaptive Behavior - Sullivan Recognition of the impact of congitive factors. Sullivan distinguished between three modes of cognitive experience: The prototaxic mode; the parataxic mode; and the syntaxic mode.
Prototaxic Mode Characterizes the first few months of live. It involves a "discrete serious of momentary states" and is a necessary precondition for the other two modes.
Parataxic Mode Is characterized by seeing causal connections between events occurring about the same time but which are unrelated.
Syntaxic Mode Emerges at the end of the first year of life. It involves logical, sequential, internally-consistent, and modifiable thinking and underlies the acquisition of language.
Fromm's Maladaptive Behavior reflects his interest in how society inhibits people from fulfilling their human nature, or capacity "to be creative, lvoing, unalienated, and productive".
Therapeutic Goals To identify and correct a client's parataxic distortions so he or she can have more realistic and mutually satisfying relationships. "One achieves mental health to the extent that one becomes aware of one's interpersonal relationships"
Therapeutic Techniques Therapist should assume the role of "participant observer."
Created by: SBT38