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Adlerian

PCC-HR-1C-Adlerian

TermDefinition
Personality Theory Inferiority feelings, striving for superiority, and style of life are key concenpts.
Inferiority Feelings Develop during childhood as the result of real or perceived biological, psychological, or social weaknesses.
Striving for Superiority Is and inherent tendency toward "perfect completion."
Style of Life A person's style of life is also affected by his/her early experiences, especially those occurring in the family. Particular importance include the person's birth order, the family atmosphere, and the family constellation.
Mistaken Style of Life Represented as mental disorders. Which is characterized by a maladaptive compensation for feelings of inferiority, a preoccupation with achieving personal power, and an undeveloped social interest.
Therapeutic Goals Is to help a client replace a mistaken style of life with a healthier, more adaptive one; with a style of life characterized by a high degree of social interest.
Therapeutic Techniques Life-style investigation; Study of dreams; Interpretation of resistance and transference; Role-playing; & Giving encouragement and advice
Life-style Investigation To identify the nature of a client's style of life - obtain information about the client's family atmosphere and constellation, birth order, earliest memories, "basic mistakes", and strengths and weaknesses.
Study of Dreams Regard dreams as rehearsals of future courses of action and use dreams to assess a client's current life-style and progress in therapy.
Interpretation of resistance and transference Reflections of the client's current style of life. Interpretation of these phenomena help the client understand the purpose of his/her feelings and behaviors.
Role-playing Is often used to help clients acquire new behaviors.
Giving Encouragement and Advice Adler described clients as "discouraged" rather than sick and fel the therapist's primary task is to provide encouragement. He also felt advice should be offered by suggesting alternate courses of action from which the client can then choose.
Created by: SBT38