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Morning Vocab

Vocabulary

TermDefinition
weathering breaking down of rocks and minerals
erosion movement of rock and sediment
deposition dropping off of rock and sediment
fault break in the ground where earth's plates move; where earthquakes occur
dam a barrier preventing the flow of water; built across water to control flow
levee embankment built to prevent overflow of a river; on the bank of rivers
beach reclamation reclaiming or rebuilding the beach from erosion
surrender agree to quit fighting; one side backs down
demand something that purchasers or consumers really want
supply amount of goods or services available for the consumer
Thomas Edison invented filament wire for lightbulb to use electricity
The Wright Brothers built first flying airplane and flew it in Kitty Hawk, NC
Alexander Graham Bell invented the telephone for communication
Chisholm Trail and Great Western Cattle Trail transportation path for cowboys to drive cattle to the railroad for shipment to the east
Henry Ford invented the assembly line to manufacture cars faster
conductors material that allows electricity to flow through easily
insulators material that does not allow electricity to flow through
parallel circuit an electric circuit with two or more paths for current
series circuit an electric circuit with only one path for current
electromagnet a magnet that has coils of current- carrying wire around an iron core; it can be turned on and off
resistance how much a material opposes, or resists, the flow of electric current
electric circuit a continuous pathway that can carry an electric current
electric change a basic property of the tiny particles that make up matter (can be positive or negative)
mass amount of matter an object has
matter anything that has a mass and takes up space
States of Matter solid, liquid, or gas
December 8, 1941 United States entered WWII
Franklin D. Roosevelt The President of the United States during the Great Depression and World War II.
Benito Mussolini The fascist leader of Italy
Emperor Hirohito The leader of Japan during WWII. He was a nationalist that believed in imperialism
Adolf Hitler Fascist leader of Germany's Nazi Party; controlled German life; hated Jews.
Imperialism The act of taking over other countries to gain power and natural resources
Fascism a type of government that controls everything.
Allied Powers Great Britain, France, Soviet Union, New Zealand, Australia, and the United States
Axis Powers German, Japan, Italy
Propaganda Advertisements used to persuade people to do things
Pearl Harbor A naval base in Hawaii. The Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor December 7, 1941.
The Holocaust was the mass murder of 6 million Jews
Tuskegee Airmen The first African American fighter pilots. They fought in WWII.
D-Day June 6, 1944. Allied powers attacked the Nazis (Germany). The attack took place on the beaches of Normandy, France.
VJ-Day victory in Japan Day
Joseph Stalin The leader of the Soviet Union (Russia) during World War II.
Winston Churchill The leader of Great Britain during World War II.
Concentration Camp prison for Jews and other enemies of Nazi Germany. Most people were killed at these camps.
Harry S. Truman U.S. President after Roosevelt. Made the decision to drop the atomic bomb on Japan
Hiroshima the first bomb (Little Boy) was dropped here
Nagasaki The second atomic bomb (FAT MAN) was dropped here
Neutral Powers not picking a side and staying out of the war
Rosie the Riveter symbol for the working woman during World War II. Propaganda use to persuade women to help out in the war effort, and go to war.
cell the smallest part of a living thing, the basic unit of function in all living things
organism a living thing that has (or can develop) the ability to act or function independently
microorganism An organism that is too small to be seen with the naked eye.
Communism political and economic system in which government owns all the businesses and land
Nationalism a strong feeling of pride, dedication, loyalty, and devoation to your country
Spanish American War War fought between America and Spain. America gains new territories after they won the war.
Panama Canal The Panama Canal is a waterway that connects the Atlantic and Pacific oceans. It cuts through a narrow strip of land in Panama.
Constructive processes changes that add to the surface of the Earth, and some of them take millions of years to occur.
Destructive processes forces that break down land.
Langston Hughes he was a famous poet who highlighted how African Americans were treated differently in his poems.
Louis Armstrong he was part of a musical movement known as the Jazz Age that brought people of all races together.
Charles Lindbergh pilot who made the first successful transatlantic flight
19th Amendment law passed allowing women to vote.
26th Amendment law passed allowing an 18 year older to vote
23rd Amendment Law passed allowing DC residents their voting rights
24th Amendment Law passed ended poll taxes
15th Amendment A voting amendment passed specifically to establish equality and provide more democratic rights for African-Americans
Henry Ford revolutionize American manufacturing by creating the conveyor belt assembly line.
Black Cowboys of Texas They could work alongside white cowboys for same pay and opportunities.
Immigrants People who left European countries and Asian countries coming to America for better opportunities.
Pittsburgh Many Americans moved to this city in Pennsylvania to work in the steel industry.
Chicago cattle stockyards became the center of the American meatpacking industry for decades in this city.
George Washington Carver his research improved farming with new techniques(crop rotation) to keep the soil healthy.
Lusitania this ship was torpedoed and sunk, causing U.S. to enter WWI.
Created by: mucabbell