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Focus 20


weathering breaking down of rocks and minerals
erosion movement of rock and sediment
deposition dropping off of rock and sediment
fault break in the ground where earth's plates move; where earthquakes occur
dam a barrier preventing the flow of water; built across water to control flow
levee embankment built to prevent overflow of a river; on the bank of rivers
beach reclamation reclaiming or rebuilding the beach from erosion
surrender agree to quit fighting; one side backs down
Jefferson Davis President of the Confederate States of America (south)
Uncle Tom's Cabin book written by Harriett Beecher Stowe to inform the north about the cruelty of slavery
Stonewall Jackson Confederate general; got nickname Stonewall because he would not back down in battle
Abraham Lincoln President of the United States of America (north)
Appomattox Court House location in Virginia where south surrendered to north; Civil War ended
Fort Sumter battle that marked the beginning of the Civil War
demand something that purchasers or consumers really want
supply amount of goods or services available for the consumer
Thomas Edison invented filament wire for lightbulb to use electricity
The Wright Brothers built first flying airplane and flew it in Kitty Hawk, NC
Alexander Graham Bell invented the telephone for communication
Chisholm Trail and Great Western Cattle Trail transportation path for cowboys to drive cattle to the railroad for shipment to the east
Henry Ford invented the assembly line to manufacture cars faster
conductors material that allows electricity to flow through easily
insulators material that does not allow electricity to flow through
parallel circuit an electric circuit with two or more paths for current
series circuit an electric circuit with only one path for current
electromagnet a magnet that has coils of current- carrying wire around an iron core; it can be turned on and off
resistance how much a material opposes, or resists, the flow of electric current
electric circuit a continuous pathway that can carry an electric current
electric change a basic property of the tiny particles that make up matter (can be positive or negative)
mass amount of matter an object has
matter anything that has a mass and takes up space
States of Matter solid, liquid, or gas
December 8, 1941 United States entered WWII
Franklin D. Roosevelt The President of the United States during the Great Depression and World War II.
Benito Mussolini The fascist leader of Italy
Emperor Hirohito The leader of Japan during WWII. He was a nationalist that believed in imperialism
Adolf Hitler Fascist leader of Germany's Nazi Party; controlled German life; hated Jews.
Imperialism The act of taking over other countries to gain power and natural resources
Fascism a type of government that controls everything.
Allied Powers Great Britain, France, Soviet Union, New Zealand, Australia, and the United States
Axis Powers German, Japan, Italy
Propaganda Advertisements used to persuade people to do things
Pearl Harbor A naval base in Hawaii. The Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor December 7, 1941.
The Holocaust was the mass murder of 6 million Jews
Tuskegee Airmen The first African American fighter pilots. They fought in WWII.
D-Day June 6, 1944. Allied powers attacked the Nazis (Germany). The attack took place on the beaches of Normandy, France.
VJ-Day victory in Japan Day
Joseph Stalin The leader of the Soviet Union (Russia) during World War II.
Winston Churchill The leader of Great Britain during World War II.
Concentration Camp prison for Jews and other enemies of Nazi Germany. Most people were killed at these camps.
Harry S. Truman U.S. President after Roosevelt. Made the decision to drop the atomic bomb on Japan
Hiroshima the first bomb (Little Boy) was dropped here
Nagasaki The second atomic bomb (FAT MAN) was dropped here
Neutral Powers not picking a side and staying out of the war
Rosie the Riveter symbol for the working woman during World War II. Propaganda use to persuade women to help out in the war effort, and go to war.
cell the smallest part of a living thing, the basic unit of function in all living things
organism a living thing that has (or can develop) the ability to act or function independently
microorganism An organism that is too small to be seen with the naked eye.
Communism political and economic system in which government owns all the businesses and land
Nationalism a strong feeling of pride, dedication, loyalty, and devoation to your country
Created by: mucabbell