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Vocab Myers 7e

modules 9 and 10

QuestionAnswer
adolescence the transition period from childhood to adulthood, extending from puberty to independence
puberty the period of sexual maturation, during which a person becomes capable of reproducing
primary sex characteristics the body structures (ovaries, testes, adn exter genitailia) that make sexual reproduction possible
secondary sex characteristics nonreproductive sexual characteristics, such as female breasts and hips, male voice quality, and body hair
menarche the first menstrual period
preconventional morality before age 9, most children have a preconventional morality of self-interest: they obey either to avoid punishment or to gain concrete rewards
conventional morality by early adolescence, mrality usually evolves to a more conventional level that cares for others and upholds laws and social rules simply because they are teh laws and rules
postconventional morality affirms people's agreed-upon rights or follows what one personally perveives as basic ethical principles
trust vs. mistrust erikson's stage. infancy. in needs are dependably met, infants develop a sense of basic trust
autonomy vs shame and doubt eriksons stages.Toddlerhood. toddlers learn to exercise will and do things for themselves, or they doubt their abilities
initiative vs. guilt eriksons stages. preschooler. Preschoolers learn to initiate tasks and carry out plans, or they feel gulty about efforts to be independent.
competence vs. inferiority eriksons stages. children learn the pleasure of applying themselves to tasks, or they feel inferior.
identity vs. role confusion eriksons stage. Teenagers work at refining a sense of self by testing roles and then integrating them to form a single identity, or they become confused about who they are
intimacy vs. isolation eriksons stage. Young adults struggle to form close relationships and to gain teh capacity for intimate love, or they feel socially isolated
generativity vs. stagnation eriksons stage. The middle-aged discover a sense of contributing to the world, usually through family and work, or tehy meay feel a lack of purpose.
integrity vs. despair eriksons stage. When reflecting on his or her life, the older adult may feel a sence of satisfaction or failure.
identity one's sense of self; according to Erikson the adolescent's task is to solidify a sense of self by testing and integrating various roles.
menopause the time of natural cessation of menstrauion; also refers to teh biological changes a woman experiences as her ability to reproduce declines.
Alzheimer's disease a progressive and irreversible brain disorder characterized by gradual deterioration of memory, reasoning, language, and physical functioning.
cross-sectional study a study in which people of different ages are compared with one another
logitudinal study research in which the same peopele aer restudied and retested over a long period.
crystallized intelligence one's accumulated knowledge and verbal skills; tends to increase with age
fluid intelligence one's ability to reason speedily and abstractly; tends to decrease during late adulthood.
social clock the culturally preferred timing of social events such as marriage, parenthood, and retierment.
Created by: kara613