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project management

final

statementtrue or false
Until the 1980s, project management primarily focused on providing schedule and resource data to top management in the military, computer, and construction industries true
Every project should have a well-defined objective true
Resources in a project should be used effectively because they are limited true
Opponents of a project do not belong to the category of stakeholders false
The primary role of project stakeholder management is to ensure that the project will satisfy the stated needs for which it was undertaken true
Responsibility assignment matrices and project organizational charts are examples of tools used in procurement managements false
Good project managers assume that their definition of success is the same as the sponsors false
Effective program managers recognize that managing a project is much more complex than managing a program false
Individual projects always address strategic goals whereas portfolio management addresses tactical goals false
It is mandatory for project managers working on large information technology projects to be experts in the field of information technology false
The introduction of new software makes basic tools, such as gantt charts and network diagrams, inexpensive and easy to create true
The enterprise project management software, which aids project and portfolio management, is a low-end tool false
To be a successful manager, the only skills an IT project manager needs to possess is excellent technical skills false
program managers are change agents true
project managers work with the project sponsors to define success for particular projects true
maturity models, statistical methods, and test plans are examples of tools used in quality management true
in order to be realistic, a project manager should always set discreet goals instead of a range of objectives false
questions about how a team will track schedule performance is related to a project's scope false
according to a 2013 CHAOS study, user involvement is the most important factor that contributes to the success of IT projects false
Project managers should lead projects in isolation in order to truly serve the needs of the organization false
Using a systems approach is critical to successful project management true
when you separate business and organizational issues from project management planning, you do a better job of ensuring project success false
most colleges and universities have very strong functional organizations true
Project managers in matrix organizations have staff from various functional areas working on their projects true
the project organizational structure is the most efficient choice for most IT projects false
the same organization can have different subcultures true
an organizational culture with strong unit integration makes the project manager's job more difficult false
project work is most successful in an organizational culture where activities are organized around individuals false
Internal stakeholders include groups affected by the project such as government officials or concerned citizens false
Project managers must take adequate time to identify, understand, and manage relationships with all project stakeholders true
project managers must have cooperation from people in other parts of the organization true
Standards and guidelines to follow when performing project management must be devised by top management true
the adaptive software development (ASD) life cycle model assumes that software development allows an adaptive approach because the requirements cannot be clearly expressed early in the life cycle true
an organization usually commits more money as a project continues, therefore a management review should occur after each phase to evaluate progress, potential success, and continued compatibility with organizational goals true
the team members of a virtual team are all of the same nationality false
leadership style has no impact on the success of virtual teams false
the last phase of the traditional project life cycle is the implementation phase false
it is much more expensive to make major changes to a project during earlier phases false
the best way to sustain a project is to withhold the required money, human resources, and visibility for the project false
An activity is an element of work that has an expected duration, cost, and resource requirements true
In project time management, the next step after sequencing activities is to define these activities false
Project schedules grow out of basic documents such as the project charter true
A schedule management plan include information which describes the format and frequency of schedule reports required for the project true
It is important for the activity list and activity attributes to be in agreement with the work breakdown structure true
milestones are easy to achieve and are always achieved through one main activity false
After defining project activities, the next step in project time management is developing the schedule false
A dependency pertains to the sequencing of project activities or tasks true
network diagrams are the preferred technique for showing activity sequencing true
the arrows in a network diagram represent missed milestones in a project false
in a network diagram, it is mandatory for every item on the WBS to be shown instead of only those activities with dependencies false
A merge occurs when one node precedes multiple nodes false
Start-to-finish relationships are the most frequently used dependencies between activities false
A drawback of the precedence diagramming method is that it cannot be used unless dummy activities are employed false
in project time management, one should control the schedule before estimating the duration for each activity false
In a Gantt chart, thick black bars represent milestones achieved in a project false
A tracking Gantt chart is based on the percentage of work completed for project tasks for the actual start and finish dates true
A disadvantage of using Gantt charts is that they do not provide a standard format for displaying planned project schedule information false
In a critical path analysis, the shortest path is what drives the completion date for the project false
The critical path on a project can change as the project progresses true
In project time management, the primary output of defining activities is a schedule management plan false
To define activities, the project team should start with reviewing the schedule management plan, scope baseline, enterprise enviornmental factors, and organizational processes true
A backward pass through the network diagram determines the early start and early finish dates for each activity false
Knowing the amount of float allows project managers to know whether a project schedule is flexible true
The main disadvantage of crashing is that it lengthens the time needed to finish a project false
One of PERT's main disadvantages is that it does not address the risk associated with duration estimates True
a drawback of the project management software is that it does not have the capacity to calculate the critical paths for a project false
Critical chain scheduling assumes that resources multitask and maximizes multitasking false
the final process in project time management is developing the schedule false
The technique of fast tracking can result in lengthening the project scheudle true
An activity is an element of work that has an expected duration, cost, and resource requirements true
A schedule management plan include information which describes the format and frequency of schedule reports required for the project true
a dependency pertains to the sequencing of project activities or tasks true
Milestones are easy to achieve and are always achieved through one main activity true
After defining project activities, the next step in project time management is developing the schedule False
The arrows in a network diagram represent missed milestones in a project false
A drawback of the precedence diagramming method is that it cannot be used unless dummy activities are employed false
in project time management, one should control the schedule before estimating the duration for each activity false
A Tracking Gantt chart is based on the percentage of work completed for project tasks or the actual start and finish dates true
A disadvantage of using Gantt charts is that they do not provide a standard format for displaying planned project schedule information false
Created by: 1257759870922527