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Mod 1 Vocab Words

Vocabulary words

Absorption the process or action by which one thing absorbs or is absorbed by another
Adverse effect an undesired harmful effect resulting from a medication or other intervention such as surgery
Agonist a substance that initiates a physiological response when combined with a receptor
Antagonist a type of receptor ligand or drug that blocks or dampens agonist-mediated responses rather than provoking a biological response itself upon binding to a receptor
Bioavailability the proportion of a drug or other substance that enters the circulation when introduced into the body and so is able to have an active effect
Biotechnology the exploitation of biological processes for industrial and other purposes, especially the genetic manipulation of microorganisms for the production of antibiotics, hormones, etc.
Biotransformation the alteration of a substance, such as a drug, within the body
Bolus a single dose of a drug or other medicinal preparation given all at once
Contraindication (of a condition or circumstance) suggest or indicate that (a particular technique or drug) should not be used in the case in question
Distribution the action of sharing something out among a number of recipients
Duration the time during which something continues
Emulsion a fine dispersion of minute droplets of one liquid in another in which it is not soluble or miscible
Enteral (chiefly of nutrition) involving or passing through the intestine, either naturally via the mouth and esophagus, or through an artificial opening
Excretion (in living organisms and cells) the process of eliminating or expelling waste matter.
Idiosyncratic effect unpredictable adverse drug reactions that do not occur in most patients but when they do occur they can be life-threatening
Indication a valid reason to use a certain test, medication, procedure, or surgery
Local effect the impact of a therapeutic agent on specific tissues rather than on the whole body, esp. on those tissues where the agent is absorbed, metabolized, or most chemically active
Onset the first appearance of the signs or symptoms of an illness
Parenteral Not delivered via the intestinal tract. For example, parenteral nutrition is feeding that is delivered intravenously
Pharmacodynamics the branch of pharmacology concerned with the effects of drugs and the mechanism of their action
Pharmacokinetics the branch of pharmacology concerned with the movement of drugs within the body
Plasma protein binding A drug's efficiency may be affected by the degree to which it binds to the proteins within blood plasma. The less bound a drug is, the more efficiently it can traverse cell membranes or diffuse. Common blood proteins that drugs bind to are human serum alb
Reconstituted ---The restitution or return to an original state of a substance, or combination of parts to make a whole ---In the case of a lower organism, the restoration of a part of the body by regeneration
Side effect a result of drug or other therapy in addition to or in extension of the desired therapeutic effect; usually but not necessarily, connoting an undesirable effect
Solubility the property of a solid, liquid, or gaseous chemical substance called solute to dissolve in a solid, liquid, or gaseous solvent
Solution a liquid mixture in which the minor component (the solute) is uniformly distributed within the major component (the solvent)
Suspension 1a: the state of a substance when its particles are mixed with but undissolved in a fluid or solidb: a substance in this state—see oral suspension 2: a system consisting of a solid dispersed in a solid, liquid, or gas usually in particles of larger than
Synergist "together with" or "united." When synergistic parts work together, they accomplish more than they could alone. Synergetic is often used to describe the effect of drugs working together — where one drug increases the other's effectiveness
Systemic effect In medicine, systemic means affecting the whole body, or at least multiple organ systems. It is in contrast with topical or local. Systemic administration, a route of administration of medication so that the entire body is affected
Topical relating or applied directly to a part of the body
Controlled substances a drug or chemical whose manufacture, possession, or use is regulated by a government, such as illicitly used drugs or prescription medications that are designated a Controlled Drug
Narcotics a drug that relieves pain and induces drowsiness, stupor, or insensibility
DEA Lead agency for domestic enforcement of federal drug laws, and for coordinating and pursuing U.S. drug investigations abroad
FDA Food and Drug Administration: a federal agency responsible for monitoring trading and safety standards in the food and drug industries
The Joint Commission The Joint Commission is a United States-based nonprofit tax-exempt 501(c) organization that accredits more than 21,000 health care organizations and programs in the United States
OTC Over the counter
PDR Physician's Desk Reference- a reference book published yearly that contains drug monographs and an illustrated section for drug identification
USP-NF United States Pharmacopeia–National Formulary- a book of public pharmacopeial standards for chemical and biological drug substances, dosage forms, compounded preparations, excipients, medical devices, and dietary supplements
Created by: nbartkowicz



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