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pharmacy exam review

QuestionAnswer
a chemical substance that affects the processes of the mind or body, any chemical compound used in diagnosis, treatment, or prevention of a disease define drug
repeats- a continuation of long-term medications renewals- extension of prescriptions that have run out differentiate between prescription repeats and prescription renewals
cause a delay in the active absorption of the medication sustained release
function effects body system what can drugs be classifed by
Therapeutic- the purpose for giving the drug Side-effects- every drug has potential side effects Allergies- a serious reaction to a drug name and describe the different effects of drugs
Local- When the drug affects the site of application only Systemic- circulate in the bloodstream Cumulative- accumulates faster than it can be metabolized name and describe the classifications of drugs by scope of action
Therapeutic- taken to reliev symptions Diagnostic- used to perform diagnostic tests ie. emema Curative- given to overcome a disease, infection, or other conditions Name and describe the classifications of drugs by use
Replacement drugs- taken to "replace" a hormone Prophylactic drugs- given to prevent a condition or decrease the severity of a condition name and describe the classifications of drugs by use
Chemical Generic Trade Botanical what are the four names that can be given to a single drug
Prescription, over the counter what are the two methods of dispensing drugs
allowe pills to bypass the stomach what is enteric-coated
expert in drug information, valued health care professional what is a pharmacist
the study and description of drugs, their composition, actions and effects chemicals have on living things what is pharmacology
a licensed business involved in dispensing drugs what is a pharmacy
when taken over the phone, transcripton when are drug errors more likely made
a combination of two drugs that causes an effect that is greater than the sum of the individual effects of each drug given alone synergism
administration of drugs in gaseous or vapour form through the nose ormouth inhalation
agent given to counteract an unwanted effect of a drug antidote
agent that excites and promotes activity stimulatant
agent that lowers blood pressure antihypertensive
agent that produces sleep hypnotic
an effect that is produced as an individual sensitivity to a drug iatrogenic
an effect that rountinely results from the use of a drug side effect
by injection or intravenous administration parenteral
chemical substance that inhibits or kills foreign organisms anitbiotic
circulating through the bloodstream to produce a general effect on the body systemic
commercial name for a drug;trade name brand name
drug action in which larger and larger doses must be given to achieve the desired effect tolerance
drug that blocks the action of natural histamines in the body and relieve allergy symptoms antihistamines
drug that is used to relieve symptoms of depression antidepressant
drug that prevents convulsions anticonvulsant
drug that promotes vomiting emetic
drug used to prevent diarrhea antidiarrheal
drug which helps restore heart rhythm to a regular cycle antiarrhythmic
drug which neutralizes acid in the stomach antacid
drug which reduces or eliminates sensation anesthetic
drug which relieves pain analgesic
drugs applied on the skin or mucous membranes topical
drugs defined by federal law to which special rules apply because they are liable to be abused controlled drugs
drugs given by mouth oral
drugs given under the tongue sublingually
drugs inserted via the anus into the rectum rectal
factors in a patient's condition that prevents the use of a drug treatment contraindications
habit-forming drug that relieves pain narcotic
harmful effects of a drug toxicity
hypersensitive reaction of the body to a drug or foreign organism anaphylaxis
instrument for introducing fluids to or withdrawing fluids from the body syringe
mildly hypnotic drug that relaxes without necessarily producing sleep sedative
movement of a drug across a cell membrane into body cells transport
Oils, extracted primarily from plants, that do not evaporate fixed oils
oils, extracted primarily form plants that evaporate volatile oils
particles of medication suspended in air aerosols
relating to the eye ophthalmic
substances found in foods which are essential for life vitamin
target substance with which a drug interacts in the body receptor
the concentration of a drug may increase with each dose, due to the half-life of previous doses cumulative action
the process by which a medication is taken into the body, broken down, and transformed into a form that the body can use absorpton
the process by which metabolites are transported to various parts of the body distribution
the process of breaking down a drug or thier substance into metabolites used by the body metabolism
the time required by the body to metabolize half the amount of the drug ingested half-life
the total effect that two drugs have in combination is equal to the sum of the effects of each additive action
via the ear otic
furosemide 20mg i tab bid po fruosemide twenty milligrams, take one tablet orally twice daily
Isopto-tears 10ml i-ii gtts ou prn Isopto-tears 10 mllilitres one to two drops in both eyes as required
Propanolol 40 milligrams every day by mouth before breakfast Propanolol 40mg qd, po, ac breakfast
Ranitidine 150 millilitres three time daily before meals Ranitidine 150 ml t.i.d. a.c.
Amoxicillin 500mg i cap po qid pc amoxicillin 500 milligrams take one capsule orally four times daily after meals
Burrosol ii gtts ad qpm x 3d, i gtt qod Burrosol two drops in the right ear every night for three days then one drop every other day
1 month supply 1/12
1 week supply 1/52
before meals ac, a.c.
as soon as possible ASAP
twice daily bid, b.i.d.
capsule cap
Compendium Pharmaceuticals and Specialties CPS
over the counter OTC
drop(s) gtt(s)
i, ii one, two,...
milligrams mg
millilitres ml
nothing by mouth npo, n.p.o
Ontario Drug Benefits ODB
both eyes ou
after meals pc, p.c.
by mouth (orally) p.o.
as needed prn
every morning, before noon q.a.m.
every day Q.D, q.d.
every other day q.o.d
every evening q.p.m.
every # hours q_h
every hour q.h.
four times daily qid, q.i.d.
prescription Rx
subcutaneous s.c, sc, S.C, subq, subc
sublingual sl, SL
immediately stat, STAT
one half ss
three times daily t.i.d, tid
tablet tab
treatment Tx
ointment ung
times 3 days x 3 days
Created by: briunicorns