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Module 1

Surgical Pharm/module 1

TermDefinition
Absorption Process of moving a drug across body membranes.
Adverse Effect A symptom produced by a drug or therapy that is injurious to the patient
Agonist A drug that is capable of binding with receptors to induce a cellular response.
Antagonist Drug that blocks the response of another drug.
Bioavailability Ability of a drug to reach the bloodstream and its target tissues
Biotechnology Applying the techniques of biochemistry, cellular biology, biophysics, and molecular biology to address practical issues related to human beings, agriculture, and the environment.
Biotransformation series of chemical alterations of a compound occurring within the body.
Bolus a concentrated mass of pharmaceutical preparation.
Contraindication A factor that renders the administration of a drug or the carrying out of a medical procedure inadvisable.
Distribution Process of transporting drugs through the body.
Duration A continuous period of time
Emulsion Two immiscible liquids; one dispersed in the other in the form of small droplets.
Enteral Orally
Excretion Process of removing substances from the body
Hypersensitivity Abnormal sensitivity with an exaggerated response by the body
Idiosyncratic Effect Unpredictable and unexplained drug reaction
Indication a sign that points to the cause, treatment, or some other aspect of a disease
Local Effect The effect of a drug or medication on the central/local area of the body.
Onset beginning. A start
Parenteral Into the skin layers; such as with needle.
Pharmacodynamics The study of how the body responds to drugs
Pharmacokinetics The study of drugs are handled by the body.
Plasma Protein Binding the degree by which the drug binds to the proteins in the blood plasma which affect the drugs efficiency
Reconstituted to bring to normal strength or condition by adding water
Side Effect secondary effect, especially an undesirable secondary effect of a drug or therapy.
Solubility The amount of a substance that can be dissolved in a given amount of solvent.
Solution homogeneous mixture of two or more substances, can be solids, liquids, gases or a combination.
Suspenstion dispersion of fine solid or liquid particles in a fluid being supported by buoyancy. Type of medication form.
Synergist acting together
Systemic Effect Drugs reaction to the body as a whole
Topical applied to a localized area of the body, typically skin.
Controlled Substances Drug/Chemical that is prohibited by or regulated under the federal controlled substances act or an analogous state law.
Narcotics Drugs that cause stupor, sedation, hypnotics.
DEA The Drug Enforcement Administration; responsible for enforcing laws and regulations governing narcotics and controlled substances.
FDA Food and Drug Administration responsible for monitoring trading and safety standards in the food and drug industry.
The Joint Commission JCAHO. non profit organization. Works to improve healthcare for the public and others by improving standards of care.
OTC Over the Counter. Such as drugs you can buy without prescription.
PDR Physicians Desk Reference. Used to verify information.
USP-NF United States Pharmacopeia-National Formulary.
Created by: sarrahg3