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Module 1

TermDefinition
Absorption the act of taking up or in by specific chemical or molecular action
Adverse effect is a harmful and undesired effect resulting from a medication or other intervention such as surgery.
Agonist is a chemical that binds to some receptor of a cell and triggers a response by that cell.
Bioavailability is a subcategory of absorption and is the fraction of an administered dose of unchanged drug that reaches the systemic circulation
Biotechnology is the use of living systems and organisms to develop or make useful products.
Biotransformation is the chemical modification (or modifications) made by an organism on a chemical compound.
Bolus the administration of a drug, medication or other substance in the form of a single, large dose Bolus (radiation therapy), a tissue equivalent substance used in radiation therapy
Contraindication is a condition or factor that serves as a reason to withhold a certain medical treatment.
Distribution the specific location or arrangement of continuing or successive objects or events in space or time.
Duration A continuous period of time.
Emulsion a mixture of two immiscible liquids, one being dispersed throughout the other in small droplets; a colloid system in which both the dispersed phase and the dispersion medium are liquids.
Enteral Within, or by way of, the intestine or gastrointestinal tract, especially as distinguished from parenteral.
Excretion waste material eliminated from the body, including feces, urine, and sweat
Hypersensitivity a state of altered reactivity in which the body reacts with an exaggerated immune response to a foreign agent
Idiosyncratic effect are drug reactions that occur rarely and unpredictably amongst the population.
Indication a sign or circumstance that points to or shows the cause, treatment, or some other aspect of a disease.
Local effect involving or affecting only a restricted part of the organism
Onset A beginning; a start, as of a cold.
Parenteral by some route other than through the alimentary canal, such as by subcutaneous, intramuscular, intrasternal, or intravenous injection.
Pharmacodynamics the study of the biochemical and physiological effects of drugs and the mechanisms of their actions, including the correlation of their actions and effects with their chemical structure.
Pharmacokinetics the study of the movement of drugs in the body, including the processes of absorption, distribution, localization in tissues, biotransformation, and excretion.
Plasma protein binding A drug's efficiency may be affected by the degree to which it binds to the proteins within blood plasma.
Reconstituted Taking smaller pieces of materials and binding them together to form a larger material item.
Side effect A consistent result of a procedure that is in addition to or peripheral to the basic result.
Solubility the quality of being soluble.
Solution a homogeneous mixture of one or more substances (solutes) dispersed molecularly in a sufficient quantity of dissolving medium (solvent).
Suspension temporary cessation, as of pain or a vital process.
Synergist Systemic effect an agent that acts with or enhances the action of another
Topical pertaining to a particular area, such as a topical antiinfective agent applied to a certain area of the skin and affecting only the area to which it is applied.
Controlled substances any drug defined in the five categories of the federal Controlled Substances Act of 1970. The categories, or schedules, cover opium and its derivatives, hallucinogens, depressants, and stimulants.
Narcotics are natural opioid drugs derived from the Asian poppy Palaver somniferous or semi-synthetic or synthetic substitutes for these drugs.
DEA abbreviation for Drug Enforcement Agency.
FDA Abbreviation for Food and Drug Administration of the United States Department of Health and Human Services.
The Joint Commision a private nongovernmental agency that establishes guidelines for the operation of hospitals and other health care facilities,
OTC Abbreviation for over the counter, pertaining to a drug available without a prescription.
PDR Abbreviation for Physicians' Desk Reference.
USP-NF United States Pharmacopeia–National Formulary.
Created by: breengler