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Therapy Theories

Splitting: When two contradictory states, such as love and hate, are compartmentalized and not integrated. Object Relations
Projective Identification: Psychological process in which a person will project a though or belief that they have onto a second person. Object Relations
Projection: Involves projecting undesirable feelings or emotions onto someone else rather than admitting to or dealing with unwanted feelings. Object Relations
Inferiority: Inferiority feelings are always present as a motivating force in behavior. Individual growth results form compensation from our attempts to overcome our real or imagined inferiorities. Adlerian
Family Constellation: Exploration of the family atmosphere and relational dynamics that prevailed in the family when the person was a young child. Adlerian
Role Playing: Explore and practice new behavior. Adlerian
Guided Imagery: Change the negative imprints of childhood family members that weigh heavily on a client and often ignite chronic feelings of guilt, fear, and resentment. Adlerian
Self-Actualization: Innate tendency of all human beings to reach their fullest potential. Client Centered
Non-Directive Therapy: Clients lead the discussion. Client Centered
Empathy:Therapist accurately senses the feelings and personal meanings the client is experiencing and is able to communicate this understanding. Client Centered
Congruence: Therapist's genuineness with client, shares his/her feelings honestly, does not hide behind professional facade. Client Centered
Mindfulness: Being fully aware and present in moment DBT
Distress Tolerance: How to tolerate pain in difficult situations, not change it. DBT
Emotion Regulation: Change emotions you want to change. DBT
Automatic Thoughts: Thoughts about ourselves or others that individuals are often not aware of and thus are not assessed for accuracy or relevancy. CBT
Schemas: A network of rules or templates for information processing that are shaped by developmental influences and other life experiences. CBT
Personalization: Seeing yourself as a cause of negative external event. CBT
Systematic Desensitization: Pairing relaxation with exposure to something stressful. CBT
Labeling Distortions: Teaches client to recognize and label particular distortions in thinking that can lead to problems with interpretation of events. CBT
Exception Questioning: Ask client to think of a time when this problem did not exist and what client did differently during this time. Solution-Focused
Miracle Questioning: Ask client to envision how the future will be when the problem no longer exists and what her life looks like then. Solution-Focused
Scaling Questions: Ask client to think of a scale ranging from the worst things could be to the best. Solution-Focused
Affirmations/Compliments: Regularly acknowledge, progress, strengths and resources, Solution-Focused
Externalizing the Problem: Separating the person from the problem. Narrative
Deconstructive Questions: Questions that clarify meaning and help people unpack their stories. Narrative
Mapping the Influence: Process of eliciting from the client a detailed description of the problem's effect and influence on client's life and relationships. Narrative
Battle for Structure: Establish the rules and working atmosphere of treatment. Includes the need for entire family to be in therapy. Experiential
Battle for Initiative: Waiting silently for family to take initiative, allowing family to determine how change is going to happen. Includes having family state agenda for each session. Experiential
Play, Humor, Craziness: Tapping irrational side. Experiential
Created by: lizzielins