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Humanistic Therapies

Covers humanistic therapy terms as it relates to the LMSW Exam.

TermDefinition
Humanistic Therapies These types of therapies are effective with individuals experiencing problems dealing with inner conflicts and struggles, primarily V-codes and mild adjustment disorders.
Human Goodness This is the basis of Humanistic Theories.
Person Centered Therapy In this therapy, the counseling process is determined by the client and not the therapist.
Self Actualization Similar to Existential Therapy in which the goal is autonomy, Person Centered Therapy also seeks autonomy but calls it something else. What is it called?
Rogerian Therapy Person Centered Therapy is also called.....
Congruence According to Person Centered Therapy this is when what a person would like to be is in accordance with the perception of how he/she actually is.
Person Centered Therapy Unlike most of the other theories, this therapy has no set technique.
Non deterministic According to Person Centered Therapy this is the belief that it is an oversimplification to view people as controlled by fixed physical laws.
Self Actualization In humanistic theories, this is the final level of psychological development, in which one strives to realize one's uniquely human potential-to achieve everything one is capable of achieving
Pathology According to Person Centered Therapy the dissonance between the three selves (self-concept, real self, and ideal self) results in this.
Personality Change According to Person Centered Therapy the following six things must occur for this to happen:--2 persons are in physiological contact--Client is experiencing incongruence--Therapist is congruent or integrated in the relationship--Therapist experiences real
Congruence Caring Genuineness According to Person Centered Therapy these 3 things are essential for therapy.
Person Centered Therapy In this therapy the client is seen as a person not a patient.
Why Gestalt Therapy asks "What?" and "How?" rather than.....
Existential and Phenomenological The foundation of Gestalt therapy is.....
Gestalt Therapy In this therapy the focus is on process vs. content.
Gestalt Therapy This therapy views human nature as manipulative, self-reliant, avoids responsibility, stands on their own two feet, moving from environmental support to self-support, and has disowned parts of personality.
Holism According to Gestalt Therapy, this is a concept that considers the whole person; the whole person has physical, social, psychological, and spiritual parts that are woven together and cannot be separated
Field Theory According to Gestalt Therapy, organisms must be seen in its environment or its context as part of a constantly changing field.
Gestalt Therapy This Therapy believes power is in the present and has a here and now focus.
Organismic Self Regulation According to Gestalt Therapy, equilibrium is disturbed by the emergence of a need, a sensation or interest, regulate self based on capabilities and resources of their environment. This is called.....
5 According to Gestalt Therapy, how many layers of neurosis are there?
Phony Layer According to Gestalt Therapy, this is the first layer of neurosis and is characterized by being stereotypical and in authentic.
Phobic Layer According to Gestalt Therapy, this is the second layer of neurosis and is characterized by fears keeping clients from seeing themselves.
Impasse Layer According to Gestalt Therapy, this is the third layer of neurosis and is characterized by giving up power.
Implosive Layer According to Gestalt Therapy, this is the fourth layer of neurosis and is characterized by fully experiencing deadness.
Explosive Layer According to Gestalt Therapy, this is the fifth layer of neurosis and is characterized by letting go of phony rules.
The Experiment One techniques in Gestalt Therapy is to try on new behavior. This is called.....
Empty Chair Technique One techniques in Gestalt Therapy is to shift client between two chairs for dialogue and role-play. This is called.....
Reversal Technique One techniques in Gestalt Therapy is to role play the opposite of symptoms the client is suffering from. This is called.....
Rehearsal Technique One techniques in Gestalt Therapy is to role play a planned exercise for a new behavior with a person in the client's environment. This is called.....
Exaggeration/Repetition Game One techniques in Gestalt Therapy is to exaggerate a movement or gesture repeatedly to intensify feelings associated with the behavior. This is called.....
Staying with Feelings One technique in Gestalt Therapy is to keep the client from escaping fearful stimuli and avoiding unpleasant feelings. This is called.....
5 According to Gestalt Therapy, how many channels of resistance are there?
Introjection According to Gestalt Therapy, this channel of resistance is characterized by the tendency to uncritically accept other's beliefs without assimilating them to make them congruent with who one is.
Projection According to Gestalt Therapy, this channel of resistance is characterized by disowning aspects of self by assigning them to the environment or another person.
Deflection According to Gestalt Therapy, this channel of resistance is characterized by avoiding contact and awareness by the process of being vague and indirectly using distractions.
Retroflection According to Gestalt Therapy, this channel of resistance is characterized by doing something to oneself that one really wanted to do or would have done to someone else.
Confluence According to Gestalt Therapy, this channel of resistance is characterized by blurring the boundaries between self and the environment.
Transactional Analysis Similar to Freud's concept of the superego, id and ego, this therapy utilizes Parent Ego State, Adult Ego State, and Child Ego State.
Parent Ego State TA state in which paradigms of caring and rules are based on childhood experiences.
Adult Ego State TA. Here-and-now. A logical awareness of the outside world. Unemotional, logical.
Child Ego State TA. Behaviors, thoughts and feelings replayed from childhood. Emotional state.
Transactions According to TA, this is units of communication between individuals.
Complementary Transaction In TA this is a transaction that shows direct, overt, and definite communication.
Transference Transaction In TA this is a transaction that shows covert transactions that end communication on a certain topic very quickly.
Ulterior Transaction In TA this is a transaction that shows that both overt and covert levels act at the same time.
Adapted Child In TA, this is part of the Child ego that wants to gain approval so it gives its own needs to satisfy other people
Critical Parent In TA this is part of the parent ego state that criticizes , commands, and judges other people
Crossed Transaction In TA this is when peoples ego states do not complement each other
Ego States In TA these are three competing psychological aspects of each person's personality.
Life Position In TA these are feelings of regard for self or others, as reflected in one's sense of worth and self-esteem
Life Scripts In TA these are cultural expectations concerning the nature and order of major life events in a typical person's life
Little Professor In TA, the curious and exploring Child who is always trying out new stuff (often much to their Controlling Parent's annoyance). This is called......
Parallel Transaction In TA, these are a combination of complementary and symmetrical transactions.
Reality Therapy Therapists who use this therapy do not believe in the pathology model.
Reality Therapy This therapy uses the following 8 steps:--Find out from the client what he/she wants--Determine what the client is doing to achieve it--Evaluate how effective the behavior is in achieving it--Make a plan to gain control over the situation/environment--The
Reality Therapy This therapy is based on the theory that brain functions as a system to control behavior by fulfilling needs created by the environment.
Existentialism A technique used in Reality Therapy, this term is based on the idea that people give meaning to their lives through their choices and actions.
Life History Questionnaire Multimodal Therapy utilizes this tool to gain an understanding of the client's problems.
Behavior According to Multimodal Therapy, this is the first of seven classifications of a person's personality and includes habits, actions, and reactions.
Affective Response According to Multimodal Therapy, this is the second of seven classifications of a person's personality and includes emotions and moods.
Sensation According to Multimodal Therapy, this is the third of seven classifications of a person's personality and includes taste, touch, smell, sight, and hearing.
Images According to Multimodal Therapy, this is the fourth of seven classifications of a person's personality and includes self-concept, memory, and dreams.
Cognitions According to Multimodal Therapy, this is the fifth of seven classifications of a person's personality and includes constructs, ideas, and insights.
Interpersonal Relationships According to Multimodal Therapy, this is the sixth of seven classifications of a person's personality and includes interactions.
Drugs According to Multimodal Therapy, this is the last of seven classifications of a person's personality and includes nutrition and biological functions.
Skills Neuro Linguistic Programming is used to cultivate this.
Neuro Linguistic Programming This is one of the fastest growing fields of applied psychology.
Neuro Linguistic Programming This therapy seeks to help clients see his/her own perceptions of problems and work to change them, creatively adapting from the perceived to reality.
Modeling Neuro Linguistic Programming leans heavily on this technique to help people learn skills to succeed in life.
Positive Intention Neuro Linguistic Programming believes that behind every behavior is.......
Early Development Object Relations Therapy focuses on this part of life as a decisive factor influencing later development.
Other Objects According to Object Relations therapy, the self exists only in relation to.....
Child's Perception According to Object Relations therapy, it is more important to focus on this rather than what actually occurred.
Attachment, Frustration, Rejection According to Object Relations therapy, there are three fundamental effects that may exist between one person and another.
Psychopathology According to Object Relations therapy, failure to break away from dependent bonds leads to......
Childhood According to Object Relations therapy, when a person begins to manipulate and distort others, it is because the relationship fits an unhealthy model learned in what stage of life?
Autonomy of Adulthood According to Object Relations therapy people spend much of their life striving to reach the.........
Object Relations Therapy This therapy will not work for clients who are not cognitively oriented or who are unable to achieve the level of insight necessary to achieve change.
Personality Theory This theory uses a combination of trait, psychoanalytic, humanistic, and cognitive perspectives.
Thema According to Personality Theory, need and environmental press combine to create.....
Internal Process According to Trait Theory personality is not a reaction to outside events, but rather it is an........
Personal Traits According to Trait Theory, these five to ten traits that are used to describe a particular person are called........
Cardinal Traits According to Trait Theory, these contribute to the dominant feature in someone's personality. They are called.....
Myers Briggs Type indicator This tool is grounded in Jung's early work and is used in Personality Theory. It analyzes where people get their energy from, how people see the world, how they make decisions, and how they manage time.
Values In trait Theory, Gordon Allport (theorist) concluded that a person's philosophy of life may be understood by knowing his/her set of........
Created by: searcysm