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Antibotics

Common Antibiotics and what they treat

QuestionAnswer
What antibiotic is used for a severe acute sore throat with dosage details? Phenoxymethylpenicillin (penicillin) 500 mg QDS for 10 days
What antibiotic is used for a severe acute sore throat on a patient with a penicillin allergy? Clarithromycin 200-500 mg BD for 5 days
What antibiotic is used for severe acute rhino-sinusitis with dosage details? Amoxicillin 500 mg TDS for 7 days
What antibiotic is used for severe acute rhino-sinusitis with a penicillin allergy? Doxycycline 200 mg stat then 100 mg OD for 7 days
What antibiotic is used for severe acute otitis media in children? amoxicillin
What antibiotic is used for severe acute otitis media in children with a penicillin allergy greater than 12 years of age? Erythromycin
What antibiotic is used for severe acute otitis media in children with a penicillin allergy less than 12 years of age? Clarithromycin
What antibiotic is used for acute cough (bronchitis) with the patient being >80 years old and one of the following: hospitalization in the past year, oral steroids, diabetic, CHF and/ or >65 with two of the above? Amoxicillin 500mg TDS for 5 days
What antibiotic is used for acute cough (bronchitis) with the patient being >80 years old and one of the following: hospitalization in the past year, oral steroids, diabetic, CHF and/ or >65 with two of the above and penicillin allergy? Doxycycline 200 mg stat then 100 mg OD for 7 days
What antibiotic is used for acute exacerbation of COPD? (increased Sputum, purulent sputum and/ or SOB) Amoxicillin 500 mg TDS for 5 days or Doxycycline 200 mg stat then 100 mg for 5 days.
What alternative antibiotic is used for acute exacerbation of COPD? (increased Sputum, purulent sputum and/ or SOB) Co-amoxiclav 625 mg TDS for 5 days
What antibiotic is used for UTI in men and non-pregnant women (no fever or flank pain)? Trimethoprim 200 mg for 3 days in women/ 7 days in men
What alternative antibiotic is used for UTI in men and non-pregnant women (no fever or flank pain)? Nitrofurantoin 100 BD (modified release) or 50 mg QDS (standard release) for 3 days in women/ 7 days in men.
What antibiotic is used for Cellulitis and wound infection? Flucloxacillin 500 mg- 1 g QDS for 7 days.
What alternative antibiotic is used for Cellulitis and wound infection with a patient with a penicillin allergy? Clarithromycin 500 mg BD for 7 days.
What antibiotic is used for Impetigo >18 years old? Flucloxacillin 500 mg- 1g QDS for 7 days
What alternative antibiotic is used for Impetigo >18 years old and a penicillin allergy? Clarithromycin 00 mg BD for 7 days
What antibiotic is used for Impetigo in liquid form? Erythomycin
What antibiotic is used for bites (human and animal)? Co-amoxiclav 625 TDS for 7 days
What alternative antibiotic is used for bites (human and animal) for a patient with a penicillin allergy? Metroidazole 400 mg TDS for 7 days and Doxycycline 100 mg BD for 7 days.
What antibiotic is used for a severe acute sore throat with dosage details? Phenoxymethylpenicillin (penicillin) 500 mg QDS for 10 days
What antibiotic is used for a severe acute sore throat on a patient with a penicillin allergy? Clarithromycin 200-500 mg BD for 5 days
What antibiotic is used for severe acute rhino-sinusitis with dosage details? Amoxicillin 500 mg TDS for 7 days
What antibiotic is used for severe acute rhino-sinusitis with a penicillin allergy? Doxycycline 200 mg stat then 100 mg OD for 7 days
What antibiotic is used for severe acute otitis media in children? amoxicillin
What antibiotic is used for severe acute otitis media in children with a penicillin allergy greater than 12 years of age? Erythromycin
What antibiotic is used for severe acute otitis media in children with a penicillin allergy less than 12 years of age? Clarithromycin
What antibiotic is used for acute cough (bronchitis) with the patient being >80 years old and one of the following: hospitalization in the past year, oral steroids, diabetic, CHF and/ or >65 with two of the above? Amoxicillin 500mg TDS for 5 days
What antibiotic is used for acute cough (bronchitis) with the patient being >80 years old and one of the following: hospitalization in the past year, oral steroids, diabetic, CHF and/ or >65 with two of the above and penicillin allergy? Doxycycline 200 mg stat then 100 mg OD for 7 days
What antibiotic is used for acute exacerbation of COPD? (increased Sputum, purulent sputum and/ or SOB) Amoxicillin 500 mg TDS for 5 days or Doxycycline 200 mg stat then 100 mg for 5 days.
What alternative antibiotic is used for acute exacerbation of COPD? (increased Sputum, purulent sputum and/ or SOB) Co-amoxiclav 625 mg TDS for 5 days
What antibiotic is used for UTI in men and non-pregnant women (no fever or flank pain)? Trimethoprim 200 mg for 3 days in women/ 7 days in men
What alternative antibiotic is used for UTI in men and non-pregnant women (no fever or flank pain)? Nitrofurantoin 100 BD (modified release) or 50 mg QDS (standard release) for 3 days in women/ 7 days in men.
What antibiotic is used for Cellulitis and wound infection? Flucloxacillin 500 mg- 1 g QDS for 7 days.
What alternative antibiotic is used for Cellulitis and wound infection with a patient with a penicillin allergy? Clarithromycin 500 mg BD for 7 days.
What antibiotic is used for Impetigo >18 years old? Flucloxacillin 500 mg- 1g QDS for 7 days
What alternative antibiotic is used for Impetigo >18 years old and a penicillin allergy? Clarithromycin 00 mg BD for 7 days
What antibiotic is used for Impetigo in liquid form? Erythomycin
What antibiotic is used for bites (human and animal)? Co-amoxiclav 625 TDS for 7 days
What alternative antibiotic is used for bites (human and animal) for a patient with a penicillin allergy? Metroidazole 400 mg TDS for 7 days and Doxycycline 100 mg BD for 7 days.
What antibiotic is used for a severe acute sore throat with dosage details? Phenoxymethylpenicillin (penicillin) 500 mg QDS for 10 days
What antibiotic is used for a severe acute sore throat on a patient with a penicillin allergy? Clarithromycin 200-500 mg BD for 5 days
What antibiotic is used for severe acute rhino-sinusitis with dosage details? Amoxicillin 500 mg TDS for 7 days
What antibiotic is used for severe acute rhino-sinusitis with a penicillin allergy? Doxycycline 200 mg stat then 100 mg OD for 7 days
What antibiotic is used for severe acute otitis media in children? amoxicillin
What antibiotic is used for severe acute otitis media in children with a penicillin allergy greater than 12 years of age? Erythromycin
What antibiotic is used for severe acute otitis media in children with a penicillin allergy less than 12 years of age? Clarithromycin
What antibiotic is used for acute cough (bronchitis) with the patient being >80 years old and one of the following: hospitalization in the past year, oral steroids, diabetic, CHF and/ or >65 with two of the above? Amoxicillin 500mg TDS for 5 days
What antibiotic is used for acute cough (bronchitis) with the patient being >80 years old and one of the following: hospitalization in the past year, oral steroids, diabetic, CHF and/ or >65 with two of the above and penicillin allergy? Doxycycline 200 mg stat then 100 mg OD for 7 days
What antibiotic is used for acute exacerbation of COPD? (increased Sputum, purulent sputum and/ or SOB) Amoxicillin 500 mg TDS for 5 days or Doxycycline 200 mg stat then 100 mg for 5 days.
What alternative antibiotic is used for acute exacerbation of COPD? (increased Sputum, purulent sputum and/ or SOB) Co-amoxiclav 625 mg TDS for 5 days
What antibiotic is used for UTI in men and non-pregnant women (no fever or flank pain)? Trimethoprim 200 mg for 3 days in women/ 7 days in men
What alternative antibiotic is used for UTI in men and non-pregnant women (no fever or flank pain)? Nitrofurantoin 100 BD (modified release) or 50 mg QDS (standard release) for 3 days in women/ 7 days in men.
What antibiotic is used for Cellulitis and wound infection? Flucloxacillin 500 mg- 1 g QDS for 7 days.
What alternative antibiotic is used for Cellulitis and wound infection with a patient with a penicillin allergy? Clarithromycin 500 mg BD for 7 days.
What antibiotic is used for Impetigo >18 years old? Flucloxacillin 500 mg- 1g QDS for 7 days
What alternative antibiotic is used for Impetigo >18 years old and a penicillin allergy? Clarithromycin 00 mg BD for 7 days
What antibiotic is used for Impetigo in liquid form? Erythomycin
What antibiotic is used for bites (human and animal)? Co-amoxiclav 625 TDS for 7 days
What alternative antibiotic is used for bites (human and animal) for a patient with a penicillin allergy? Metroidazole 400 mg TDS for 7 days and Doxycycline 100 mg BD for 7 days.
What antibiotic is used for meningitis? Dexamethasone
What antibiotic is used for strep agalactiae, escherichia coli, listeria, monocytogenes, klebsiella for < 1 month old? Ampicillin plus cefotaxime OR ampicillin plus an aminoglycoside
What antibiotic is used for Strep. Pneumoniae, neisseria meningitiis, S. agalactise, Haemophilu influenzae, E coli 1- 23 months? Vancomycin plus ceftrisxone
What antibiotic is used for N. meningitidis and S pneumoniae for 2-50 years old? Vancomycin plus Ceftriaxone
What antibiotic is used for S. Pneumoniae, N. Meningitidis, l monocytogenes, aerobic gram neg bacilli for >50 years? Vancomycin plus ampicillin plus ceftriaxone
What antibiotic is used for epidural abscess MRSA? Vancomycin plus flagyl plus ceftriaxone or cefepime
What antibiotic is used for epidural abscess MSSA? Oxacillin plus flagyl plus ceftrixone or cefepime
What antibiotic is used for Parotitis Immunocompetent? clindamycin and ciprofloxacin
What antibiotic ix used for Parotitis Immunocompromised? Clindamycin and ciprofloxacin
What antibiotic is used for Parotitis immunocompromised with a vancomycin allergy? Lineolid and moxifloxacin.
What antibiotic is used for epiglottitis? Ceftriaxone, Oxacillin, Cefazolin, Clindamycin, or Vancomycin
What antibiotic is used for Peritonsillar Abscess MSSA? Amoxcillin-clavulanate (angmentin) or clindamycin
What antibotic is used for peritonsillar abscess MRSA? Clindamycin or Linezolid
What antibiotic is used for endocarditis? Vancomycin
What antibiotic is used for Pneumonia out patient treatment ( no use of antimicrobials in 3 months)? Macrolide (azithromycin, clarithromycin, or erthromycin) or Doxycycline
What antibiotic is used for Pneumonia outpatient treatment with comorbidities? Moxifloxacin, gemifloxacin, or levofloxacin or a beta-lactam.
What antibiotic is used for COPD with pseudomonas risk? Ciprofloxacin, cefepime, zosyn
What antibiotic is used for COPD with no risk? Moxifloxacin or Ceftriaxone
What antibiotic is used for Colitis? Ciprofloxacin
What antibiotic is used for Cystitis? Ciprofloxacin
What antibiotic is used for gram positive cellulitis? Vancomycin and Clindamycin
What antibiotic is used for gram neg cellulitis? Cipro and Zosyn
what antibiotic is used for vibrio/ anaerobic cellulitis? Doxycyline
What antibiotic is used for gram pos joint infections? Oxacillin and Vancomycin
What antibiotic is used for gram neg joint infections? Ceftriaxone or cefepime
What antibiotic is used for Pseudomonas joint infections? Gentamicin, Zosyn, or cefepime.
What antibiotic is used for Tenosynovitis? Vancomycin, cipro, ceftriaxone
What antibiotic is used for psedomonas( water related injury)? Zosyn and doxycycline
 

 



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