Busy. Please wait.
or

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 
or

Username is available taken
show password

why


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
We do not share your email address with others. It is only used to allow you to reset your password. For details read our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.


Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.
Don't know
Know
remaining cards
Save
0:01
To flip the current card, click it or press the Spacebar key.  To move the current card to one of the three colored boxes, click on the box.  You may also press the UP ARROW key to move the card to the "Know" box, the DOWN ARROW key to move the card to the "Don't know" box, or the RIGHT ARROW key to move the card to the Remaining box.  You may also click on the card displayed in any of the three boxes to bring that card back to the center.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
Retries:
restart all cards
share
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

science final

studing

TermsDefinitions
Aphelion The further point of the earth's orbit
Conduction The movement of energy from one material to another by touching.
Density the amount of mass compared to its volume
Earth Revolution the earth orbits the sun once in 365.24 days
Element A substance that cannot be broken into simpler substances, the building blocks of matter
Exothermic a reaction or change that releases energy
Homogeneous Mixture a mixture that appears the same throughout; milk
Kinetic Energy the energy of movement, like water flowing down a mountain
Load the amount of sediment in a river
Moons Orbit the moon orbit around the earth takes the same amount of time as the moons rotation. This makes the same side of the moon always face the earth, and causes the "Dark side of the moon"
Rifts An area of the crust where the plates pull apart.
Substance anything that contains only one pure type of material
Winter begins December 20 or 21st it is called the Winter Solstice. The earth's southern end of the axis is pointing towards sun, causing the Northern Hemisphere to get the least amount of light than any other time of the year. 
Radiation The movement of energy through space
Deposition the process that lays down sediment
Elliptical Orbit the shape of the earth's orbit
Evaporation the process of water in a liquid state, turning into a gas by using heat
Grams the SI measurement for mass
Index Contour a contour line that is darker in color and is labeled with elevation
Liters the SI unit for volumes
Moons Craters Because the moon has no atmosphere; meteorites are not burned up before they strike the surface. When they hit the surface of the moon craters are formed from the impact.
Perihelion the closest point of the earth's orbit from the sun
Ground water water that is stored underground
Abrasion the wearing a way of rock due to grinding action
Andromeda the closest galaxy besides the Milky Way
Chemical Properties characteristics of a substance that determine how they will react with other substances chemically. example- the ability to combust, tarnish, rust, oxidize, electrolicise
Heterogeneous Mixture a mixture that doesn't appear the same throughout; oatmeal
Inner/Outer planets in order
Landforms a feature of topography formed by the process of earth
Latitude Line Imaginary lines that travel East & West describing position relative to the equator
Lithosphere the upper layer of the mantle and the crust that is made of solid rock.
Milky Way the galaxy the earth is part of
Plateau an elevated plain
Polor bonds in water molecules the positive charge of the hydrogen atoms of water molecules make the bonds between H2o a polar bond
Poxima Centauri the closest star other than the sun to the earth
Runoff water that flows along the earths surface
Scale often given as a ratio, it relates distance on a map to real distance
SI Units The international start of metric measurements
Speed of Earth's Rotation 1000 mph
Stalagmite an icicle shared formation that forms on the floor of a cave
Stalagtite an icicle shaped formation that forms on the roof of a cave
Convection The movement of energy by flowing through currents.
Crust made of hardened rock the outer and thinnest layer.
Gravity the force that pulls a glacier downhill
Map a flat model of the earth or part of the earth
Outer Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune
Plain a large, low flat, landform
Sediment the material made of small pieces of rock & remains of living things
Slope the angle of incline that the water flows down due to gravity
Inner Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars
Key describes symbols on a map
Mountain large, rocky, highly elevated land form
Accretion The formation process that involves gravity pulling material from space together to form a planet or other heavenly body.
Age of the Earth 4.6 Billion years old
Aquifers LI's largest area of ground water
Asthenosphere the layer of the mantle that that is made of a soft layer of rock.
Atomic nucleus the central part (region) of an atom. It contains protons and neutrons
Compound 2 or more different elements chemically bonded together
Condensation the process of water vapor turning back into a liquid
Continental Glacier a large glacier that spreads out over a large island or continent
Contour Interval the elevation between contour lines
Contour Lines Imaginary lines that show elevation
Dates of Ice Age Most recent end of the advance was 17,000 years ago
Degrees measures distance around the earth
Delta a sediment deposit formed from silt at the river's mouth
Earth's Rotation Once in 24 hours. The cause of night and day. The spinner of earth on its axis.
Earth's tilt 23.5 degrees. gives us season
Energy levels the area of an atom where electrons occur, also called shell, orbit, rings, cloud
Equator an imaginary line that divides earth into Northern & Southern Hemisphere
Erosion the process of removing weathered rock and sediment from an area
Formula of water H2o
Freezing When low temperatures make water a solid
Friction the force that opposes the motion of one surface as it moves across another
Hemisphere one half of the sphere that makes up the earths surface
How do you find protons, neutrons and electrons using a periodic table? the atomic number equals the number of protons equals the number of electrons for a blanked atom, the rounded off atomic mass minus the atomic number equals the number of neutron
Infiltration Water that enters the earths surface through the soil
Light Year The distance light travels in on year
Inner Core The center of the earth made of solid iron and nickel due to the extreme gravity and pressure found there.
Longitude Lines imaginary lines that travel North & South describing position relative to the Prime Meridian
Mantle Layer beneath the crust, made of an asphalt like molten rock and a layer of solid rock beneath.
Meanders the snakelike bends formed in a river from banks being eroded
Meter the SI unit that measures the distance between two points
Mixtures 2 or more substance mixed but not chemically bonded (combined) together.
Molecule 2 or more atoms combined chemically
Moons Maria The moons Maria are actually regions filled with dark volcanic rock called basalt. The basalt looks like seas and therefore called Marias for the Mares meaning sea.
Moraines a large hill formed by glaciers
Outer Core Molten iron and nickel layer beneath the mantle. Convection currents of the molten metals cause magnetic fields.
Out Wash Plains the large sandy formation found downhill from moraines
Pangaea The super-continent that existed 150,000,000 years ago
Percolation the process of water flowing between soil particles
Physical properties characteristics of a substance that can be observed; bindability, melting, change of stale,changing form of appearance without changing the substance chemically
Polority The hydrogen sides of water are positive and the oxygen is negative
Potential Energy energy that is stored, like snow at the top of a mountain
Precipitation Water falling back to earth
Prime Meridian an imaginary line that divides the earth into eastern and western hemispheres
Sea Floor spreading a gap or rift in the crust beneath the sea that causes the sea floor to spread out. It can force the plates of continents to break apart causing continental drift. The Mid -Atlantic Ridge is an example of Sea Floor spreading
Satellite The moon of earth's natural satellite
Spring begins on March 21st it is called the Vernal Equinox. The earth's axis is again not tilting towards or away from the earth. This causes an equal amount of light to both hemispheres.
Stream a channel along which water flows down a slope they rarely dry up
Streambed the bottom of the river
Subduction When one tectonic plate submerges itself under another. The Indo-Australian plate is subducting under the Eurasian plate.
Summer begins June 21st it is called the Summer Solstice, the earth's northern end of the axis points towards the sun. This causes the northern hemisphere to have more daylight, than any other time of the year.
Symbols shapes & pictures that stand for features on the earth's surface
Topography the shape of the land
Transform boundary When one plate slides next to another plate. The San Andreas Fault is an example of a transform boundary.
Turbulence water that flows in every different direction
Volume the amount of space an object occupies
What is the mass and charge of the following particles? Protons, electrons, neutrons: Protons-mass-1 charge +, electrons-mass=~0charge-, neutrons-mass=1 charge=0
Created by: camijojo12