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Medical terminology

Ather/o Fatty plaque
Aneurysm/o Aneurysm
Cardiologist Specialist study of heart
Angi/o Vessel (usually blood or lymph)
Arteriol/o Arteriole
Arteri/o Artery
Cardi/o Heart
Laxatives Agents used to treat constipation
Labi/o Lip
Melena Dark-colored, tarry stools resulting from the presence of blood altered by intestinal juices
Jaundice Yellowing of the skin caused by hepatitis
Hernia Protrusion of any organ or structure through the wall of the cavity in which it is naturally contained
Hemorrhoid Enlarged, twisted varicose vein in the rectal region
Irritable bowel syndrome Abdominal pain and altered bowel function for which no organic cause can b e determine also call spastic colon
Ulcer Circumscribed lesion of the skin r mucous membrane
Endoscopy Visual examination of a cavity or canal using a specialized lighted instrument
Flatus Expelling of air from a body orifice, especially from the anus
Dyspepsia Epigastric discomfort felt after eating, also called indigestion
Dysentery Inflammation of the intestine caused by ingesting water or food containing chemical irritants, bacteria, or parasites that results in blood diarrhea
Diverticulosis Condition in which small, blister- like pockets develop in the inner lining of the large intestine.
Crohns disease Chronic inflammation, usually of the ileum but possibly affecting any portion of the intestinal tract
Cholelithiasis Presence or formation of gallstones
Cachexia Physical wasting that includes loss of weight and muscle mass
Barium swallow Radio graphic examination of the esophagus, stomach, and small intestine following oral administrate of a contrast medium
Barium Enema Radio graphic examination of the rectum and clon after administration of a contrast medium into the rectum
Ascites Accumulation of serous fluid in the abdomen caused by a disease
Antiemetics Agents that control nausea and vomiting
Antacids Agents that neutralize stomach acid
Anorexia Lack or loss of appetite resulting in the inability to eat.
Anastomosis Surgical joining of two ducts, vessels, or bowel segments to allow flow from one to another.
Phleb/o Vein
My/o Muscle
Lipid/o Fat
Hemangi/o Blood vessel
Embol/o Embolus
Atri/o Atrium
Scler/o Hardening. Sclera (white of the eyes)
Sept/o Septum
Sten/o Narrowing, stricture
Thromb/o Blood clot
Valv/o Valve
Ventricular/o Blood vessel
Aneurysm Local abnormal dilation of a vessel, usually the aorta.
Arrest Condition of being stopped or bringing to a stop
Diaphoresis Profuse sweating
Embolization Technique used to block blood flow to a sie by injectting an occluding agent
Hyperlipidemia Excessive amount of lipids in the blood
Infarct Inability of a valve to close completely
Ischemia Inadequate supply of blood to an organ or body part
Prophylaxis Administration of medication in advance of a procedure to prevent disease
Statins Drugs that have powerful lipid- lowering properties
Stent Thin mesh tube that holds a hollow structure open during or after a surgical procedure
Thrombolysis Destruction of a blood clot
Bucc/o Cheek
Gastroenterologist Specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of digestive disorder
Appendic/o Appendix
Chole/e Bile, gall
Cholangi/o Bile vessel
Cholecyst/o Gall bladder
Choledoch/o Bile duct
Cirrh/o Yellow
Col/o Colon
Duoden/o Duodenum
Enter/o Intestine (usually smal)
Esophag/o Esophagus
Gastr/o Stomach
Gingiv/o Gums
Gloss/o Tongue
Hepat/o Liver
Lle/o Ileum
Jejun/o Jejunum
Labi/o Teeth
Or/o Mouth
Pancreat/o Pancreas
Pharyng/o Throat
Proct/o Anus, rectum
Pylor/o Pelorus
Sial/o Saliva, salivary gland
Sigmoid/o Sigmoid colon
Created by: Donna29