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Nitrates relieve angina by dilating the coronary arteries
The most common side effect from Nitrates Headache
Sustained-released Nitroglycerin tablets are taken on an empty stomach every 8-12 hours
The application sites for transdermal disks are rotated Daily
A transdermal Nitroglycerin disk is dislodged. What should you do? Remove the desk and apply a new one
Beta blockers are used to treat angina and heart failure because they reduce oxygen demands reduce BP Lower the heart rate Reduce cardiac output
Before giving a beta blocker for angina, you need to measure BP in the supine and standing positions
Calcium channel blockers are used in the treatment of angina. What they do? Decrease myocardial oxygen demand Dilate the coronary arteries Dilate peripheral vessels
ACE inhibitors are used to prevent? MI Reduce high BP Prevent blood clots Control BP Very effective with Diuretic therapy
Before giving a drug for peripheral vascular disease (PVD) you should Rate pain level
Before dilating Blood vessels, ACE inhibitors prevent Blood clots and reduce BP and blood volume
Intermitttent claudication occurs with Arteriosclerosis obliterans
Pentoxifylline (Trental) is used to treat intermittent claudication. It prevents the clumping of red blood cells and platelets
A person taking Pentoxifylline (Trental) complains of chest pain and shortness of breath. What should you do? Tell the nurse at once
Vaso-dilator are (drugs name) Isoxsuprine (Vasodilan) Papaverine hydrochloride (Pavagen TD) Phenoxybenzamine (Didenzyline) It treats Peripheral Vascular Disease
A platelet aggregation inhibitor prevents Platelets from clumping
Digoxin (Lanoxin) is used in the treatment of heart failure. What it does? Increases the force of heart muscle contraction
The maintenance dose of Digoxin (Lanoxin) is 1.25 - 2.5mg daily
Sublingual Nitroglycerin (what sensation it produced) ? slight stinging or burning sensation
Diuretics increase water loss from the body by Increasing sodium excretion
Ascites occurs from liver disease
Loop diuretics inhibit the re-adsorption of sodium. +thiazide The effects of loop diuretics last about 6 hours Given before mid-afternoon
Thiazide Diuretics used in the treatment of obesity, pregnancy and pre-menstrual syndrome Low potassium is a common problem with THIAZIDE DIURETICS - Naturetin - Diuril - Oretic - Enduron
signal dehydration and electrolyte imbalance from diuretisc lead to changes in alertness and confusion
Potassium-Sparing diuretics retain potassium - Amiloride (Midamor) - Spironolactone (Aldactone) - Triamterene (Dyrenium)
Which is a Cobination Diuretic ? Dyazide Aldactazide Maxzide Moduretic
Infarction a local area of tissue death
Ascites abnormal accumulation of fluid in the peritoneal cavity
Diuresis increased formation and excretion of urine Purpose of a DIURETIC is to increase the loss of water from the body
The goals of therapy for LOOP DIURETICS are Promote diuresis Reduce edema Improve symptoms related to excess fluid inn tissues
The DIURETIC activity for ethacrynic acid (Edecrin) lasts on how many hours? 6 - 8 hours
A person taking a THIAZIDE DIURETIC develops hives, rash, itching. What should you do? Report the symptoms to the nurse
A person allergic to SULFONAMIDES may also be allergic to ? FUROSEMIDE (Lasix)
A part of blood clot breaks off and travels in the vascular system. Calls? Embolus
Aspirin is A platelet inhibitor It reduced MI, TIA, Stroke It is given with meals
DIPYRIDAMOLE (Persantine) used for? Heart valve replacement It is given with WARFARIN (Coumadin)
CLOPIDOGREL (Plavix) is given to prevent Stroke and MI Adult dose: 75 mg
TICLOPIDINE (Ticid) prevents? Stroke
ANTI - COAGULANT drugs prevent? New clots
COUMADIN inhibits is (what kind of Vitamin)? Vitamin K activity
ANTIHISTAMINES Drugs of choice for allergic rhinitis It cause dry, thick seacretions of the mouth, nose, throat, and bronchi
Decongestants cause Vaso-constriction of the nasal mucosa It treats Allergic rhinitis, the common cold, rhinitis It used with ANTIHISTAMINES to reduce sedation
SUDAFED is a nasal decongestant
INTRA-NASAL CORTICO-STEROIDS are given to reduce inflammation, allergic rhinitis, itching, sneezing, rhinorrhea ==> (but NOT a nasal burning)
CROMOLYN SODIUM (Nasalcrom) prevents the release of histamine. It sprays into each nostril 3-4 times a day
EXPECTORANTS is is liquify mucus
ANTITUSSIVES is cough suppressants
METFORMIN (Glucophage) is oral anti-diabetic agent. Give with morning & evening meals.
SULFONYLUREA agents lower blood glucose by stimulating the release of insulin. - GLIMEPHIRIDE, - GLIPIZIDE, - GLYBURIDE
MEGLITINIDES gives 1-30 min before meal
ACARBOSE (Precose) is given at the start of each meal. It inhibit enzymes used to digest sugars
A person is receiving a thyroid replacement hormone. You need to observe for Hyperthyroidism
Thyroid replacement hormones are LIOTHYRONINE, LEVOTHYROXINE, LIOTRIX
Created by: 100000586490372



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