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Study Guide 12 ALERR

Study Guide 12 ALERRT

What tragic event occurred that caused police agencies across the United States to change their tactics in rapid-response to actor(s) killing innocent persons? Columbine High School
It is imperative that the first responding officer(s) to a random act of violence differentiate between a __________ and ___________. Hostage Situation/Active Shooter
What is the correct response to a hostage / barricade situation? Contain, Control, Communicate, Call SWAT and Hostages Negotiators, Create Immediate Action Plan.
Which of the following is not a concept and principle of team movement? A. Move as fast as you can B. Stay together as much as possible C. Cover the angles D. Threshold Evaluation. A. Move as fast as you can is not a concept and principle of team movement.
The number one goal when responding to an active shooter or Homicide in progress is to: Stop the Killing
When evaluating the need to close distance, you should ask which of the following? Can you eliminate the threat? Can you restrict or isolate the suspect’s movement? Can you take resources away from the suspects (weapons, escape routes)?
What are the priorities of work after a lethal engagement occurs? Security, Immediate Action Plan, Medical
When faced with an armed threat and limited/no cover is available, it is important to remember that: Action is faster than reaction
A solo officer should make a direct-to-threat entry into an Active Shooting crisis site except for when? There is no driving force (nothing heard, seen or known upon arrival)
In most situations, secondary/follow-on responder's should not move into an area believed to be occupied by friendly forces until? Positive “Link-up” has been made between elements.
What is the maximum number of officers used to form a single contact team when entering into an enclosed structure? No more than 5
All team movement is based upon the concept of: 540 degrees of cover
The “Laser Rule” refers to: Weapon’s muzzle discipline
What technique is taught to clear the majority of a room without entering into the room? Threshold Evaluation
When encountering subjects inside the threat area, you should always: Use the “Quick Scan Technique”
When responding to an active shooter, the Contact Team should ______ the sounds of gunfire. Move quickly
What is the minimum “recommended” number of officers that should enter into and clear a room? 2
The most important aspect in working as a team is _____? Communication
The first two officers who enter a room for any reason must ensure they always _______? Clear the room for any possible threats
Any use of force, especially deadly force, must be consistent with: A) Applicable State and Federal Law B) Agency Policy and Procedure C) Applicable Case Law D) All of the above D) All of the above
Which of the following is not one of the three rules when dealing with an explosive device on an active shooter scene? A)Do not touch the device B) Turn off your radio and cell-phone C) Create distance with angles and air-gaps D) Communicate the device B) Turn off your radio and cell-phone
What two items should be in every rapid response or bail-out bag? A)Flashlight and Extra Ammunition B) Extra Ammunition and Medical Equipment C) Breaching tools and Flashlights D) Extra Ammunition and Chemical Lights B) Extra Ammunition and Medical Equipment
First responders who are engaged by a suspect from inside a building though a window/doorway should use which tactic in response? A) Suppressive Fire B) Directed Fire C) Grazing Fire D) Serpentine Movement B) Directed Fire
For the purpose of this course, the human brain is viewed as having two basic operating systems: A) Reactionary and Responsive B) Reflexive and Reflective C) Fight or Flight D) Flexible or Rigid B) Reflexive and Reflective
When attempting to gain entry into a crisis point, what tools can be used to make a successful breach? A) Sledge Hammer B) Shotgun C) Patrol Vehicle D) All of the Above D) All of the Above
What is the difference between an Active Shooter and a Hostage Barricade? Active Shooter intent is to kill, commit mass murder. Hostage Barricade – Uses the hostage’s bargaining chips, threatens violence or harm.
What is the primary responsibility of the Contact Team? Isolate, distract and neutralize an “Active Shooter”
What is the primary responsibility of Follow-on Officers and what must they do prior to entering an incident location? Form up into entry teams and make positive “link ups” with team elements inside
What is the minimum number of officers who should enter a room? 2
What is the maximum number of officers who should constitute a Contact Team or Follow-on Officers? 5
How many team movement techniques are there for a Two - Man team? 2, Side by Side & Tethered
How many team movement techniques are there for a Three - Man team? 2, Side by Side & Tethered
How many team movement techniques are there for a Four - Man team? 5, Diamond, T , Y, Box & Heavy Hand/Staggered Stack
How many team movement techniques are there for a Five - Man team? 2, Special Skill/Knowledge & 3 in Front/2 Rear
What are the Concepts and Principles of Team Movement? Stay together as much as possible, 540 degrees of coverage, Threshold evaluation, Communication and Speed of Movement
What are two types of Speed of Movement? Deliberate - (slow and steady no driving force), Direct to threat - Dynamic (quickly as fast as able to move and think (shoot)
What are the Five C’s and how are they applied? Contain, Control, Communicate, Call SWAT & Create a Plan
What is the number one goal when responding to an Active Shooter of Homicide in Progress? Neutralize the Threat/ Stop the killing
What technique do we use when encountering subjects inside the threat area? Quick scan (Top to Bottom)
What is the most important aspect of working as a team? Communication
Under what circumstance should a solo officer enter an Active Shooter Location? Only if shooting/killing is in progress and backup is still a ways away. Must stop the threat, or harming & killing
What technique is taught to clear the majority of a room prior to physically entering it? Threshold evaluation
Under what circumstances should an officer close the distance to a threat? Eliminate the threat, Restrict or Isolate Subjects movement & Take resources away from Subject (weapons, escape routes etc.)
What is the purpose of a bail-out or rapid response bag and what items should be a priority for inclusion? To provide additional resources on short notice, Extra ammunition and medical supplies
What are three rules for dealing with explosives? Do not touch, Create distance with Angles and Air Gaps & Communicate it’s location to others
What are the Principles of Room Entry? Element of surprise, Speed – How fast you move & Violence of Action
With respect to room entries what is the “Great Debate”? Which way do you go, to the known or unknown section of the room
If a lethal engagement occurs between officers in a hallway and a suspect in a room, how many members of a team should enter the room? None, engage the suspect from the hallway
After a lethal engagement but before entering the room where a suspect(s) are down, what are the team’s priorities? Cover, Reload & move wounded officers out of harm’s way
What are the priorities after the team enters the room where a lethal engagement has occurred? Secure the room, clear the individuals inside then provide medical treatment to wounded/injured
When preparing to enter an Active Shooter location, what tools are available for an exigent or emergency breach of a door? Shotgun, Sledge Hammer & Patrol Car
What are the applicable laws for the use of deadly force that must be followed by all officers? Applicable State and Federal law, Agency Policy and Procedure & Applicable Case Law
Officers who are approaching an Active Shooter location and receiving fire from inside the location what is the correct officer response? Return Direct fire at the subject
What is the “Laser Rule”? Weapon’s Muzzle Discipline
Created by: d19501
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