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NPTE aphasia

types of aphasia per scorebuilders 2008

QuestionAnswer
Aphasia (Dysphasia) acuired neurological impairment of processing for receptive &/or expressive language; fluent vs non-fluent; good vs poor comprehension; good vs poor repetition
Poor prognosis perseveration of speech; severe auditory comprehension impairments; unreliable yes/no answers; use of "empty speech" w/o recognition of impairment
Fluent Aphasia LESION:often temporal lobe of DOM Hem; word output fxn'l; speech production fxn'l; prosody acceptable; "empty speech" or jargon; speech lacks any substance; use of paraphasias
Wernicke's Aphasia LESION: post. region of superior temporal gyrus; major fluent aphasia; AKA receptive aphasia; comprehension (r/a) impaired; use of paraphasias; use of neologisms; impaired writing; poor naming ability; good articulation; often unaware of mistakes/environ.
Conduction Aphasia LESION:supramarginal gyrus & arcuate fasciculus; major fluent aphasia; severe impairment c/repetition; speech interrupted by word finding difficulties; impaired writing; good comprehension; reading intact; intact fluency;
Anomic Aphasia LESION:angular gyrus; minor fluent aphasia; word finding dificulties c/writing speech; speech seems empty - words regarding content are dropped; fxn'l comprehension; good repetion skills
Non-fluent aphasia LESION:often frontal region of DOM Hem; poor word output; increased effort for producing speech; poor articulation; dysprosodic speech; content of speech is present but syntactical words are impaired
Broca's Aphasia LESION:3rd convolution of frontal lobe; major NFA; AKA expressive aphasia;most common; intact a/r comprehension;impaired repetition/naming skills;frustration w/lang. skills/errors;speaks short meaningful phrases produced c/great effort; assoc. w/R hemipar
Global Aphasia LESION:frontal/temporal/parietal lobes; major NFA; r/a comprehension severely impaired; impaired naming/writing skills; impaired repetition; may involuntarily verbalize - usually w/o correct context; may use gestures; assoc. c/R hemiparesis
Verbal Apraxia LESION:usually L frontal lobe adj. to Broca's Area; Non-dysarthric; non-aphasic; verbal impairment of prosody/articulation of speech due to deficits in motor planning
Dysarthria Upper motor neuron lesion that affects mm's used to articulate words/sounds; motor disorder of speech; slurred speech; may be an effect on respiratory or phonatory systems due to the weakness
Created by: haljaho