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Personality Ch. 16

Expectancy-Reinforcement (Rotter) Ryckman 10e

Behavior Potential The probability that a particular behavior will occur, as a function of the person's unique expediencies and the perceived value of the reinfocer secured by the behavior in a given situation.
Expectancy A cognition or belief-held with a higher or lower degree of certainty-about the property of some object or event.
Reinforcement Value The importance of a given reinforcer to an individual in relation to other reinforcers if the probabilities of attaining all of them are equal. The importance we attach to different activities
Psychological Situation The meaning of the situation as it is defined by the person
Maladjusted Behaviors Habitual pattern of behaviors which are detriment to the individual
Freedom of Movement The individual's expectancy that his or her behaviors will generally lead to success (high freedom of movement) or failure (low freedom of movement) in a given life area
Lack of Competency Not having enough situations to learn competency to succeed
Minimal Goal The dividing point between those outcomes that produce feelings of satisfaction and those that produce dissatisfaction.
Failure to Discriminate Having a heightened value expressed in inappropriate situations
Locus of Control Term that refers to peoples beliefs about the location (internal/external) of controlling forces in their lives.
Interpersonal Trust The confidence a person or group has in relying on another person or group.
Emetophobics Intensely anxious individuals with very strong internal control orientations who fear vomiting because they would lose control
Field Theory The idea that behavior is determined by a complex interplay between cognitive and environmental variables.
God-mediated Control An indirect form of internal control in which individuals work collaboratively with God to achieve their personal goals
I-E Scale Test designed by Rotter to measure the individual's belief that forces are or are not bond his or her control. Internals believe events are under their control; externals believe that outcomes are controlled by outside forces such as luck.
Internal/External Control of reinforcement The individual's belief that his or her behavior is self-determined or determined by outside factors
Stimulus Generalization The process in which responses made in the presence of an original stimulus com to be made in the presence of other, similar stimuli.
Created by: DavisWSU