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Appendicular Skeleto

QuestionAnswer
the upper limbs are attached to the trunk by the _____ pectoral girdle or shoulder girdle
the lower limbs are attachment to the trunk by the _____ pelvic girdle
the shoulder girdle consists of the ____ and the _____ scapulae; clavicles
the lateral end of the clavicle articulates with the ____ of the _____ acromion; scapula
the medial end of the clavicle articulates with the _____ sternum (or manubrium)
shoulder blade is the common term for the _____ scapula
the scapulae articulate with the ____ and the ____ clavicle; humerus
the scapulae articulate only indirectly with the axial skeleton via the ______. thus, they exhibit a large range of motion clavicle
the ____ of the scapula articulates with the clavicle acromion
the ___ of the scapula articulates with the humerus glenoid cavity
the ____ of the scapula serves as an attachment point for the biceps of the arm ( the biceps brachii) coracoid process
the suprascapular notch of the scapula is important because it ____. serves as a nerve passageway
the upper limb consists of the arm (______), forearm (______), and hand (______). brachium; antebrachium; manus
the _____ is the only bone in the arm humerus
the humerus articulates with the _____, ________, and ______. scapula, radius, ulna
the proximal end of the humerus includes the _____, which articulates with the scapula, ad the greater and lesser ______, which serve as an attachment points for muscles. head; tubercles
the proximal end of the humerus includes a large groove called the _____, which guides a tendon of the biceps to its attachment site. intertubercular groove
the large bump in the central region of the humerus is an attachment point for the major muscle of the shoulder, the deltoid, and is called the ______. deltoid tuberosity
at the distal end of the humerus are two epicondyles which serve as attachment sites for ligaments and muscles. the _____ epicondyle is the larger of the two. medial
the distal end of the humerus includes two condyles: one is the medial ____, which has an indentation in the center and which articulates with the ulna. trochlea
the distal end of the humerus includes two condyles: one is the lateral ______, which looks like a ball in the anterior view and articulates with the radius. capitulum
the distal end of the humerus includes two shallow indentations called the ____ and _____ fossae, which allow the ulna to move freely though a full range of motion. coronoid; olecranon
the medial bone of the forearm is the ______ ulna
the lateral bone of the forearm is the ______ radius
the largest bone palpable in the posterior elbow is the _____ of the _____. olecranon process; ulna
the _____ at the proximal end of the _____ articulates tightly with the trochlea of the humerus trochlear notch; ulna
at the distal end of the ulna is the sharp ____ of the ____, from which ligaments run to the wrist. styloid process; radius
at the proximal end of the radius is a bump called the _____ to which the biceps of the arm attaches. radial tuberosity
the hand contains three types of bone: the ____ of the fingers, the ____ of the palm, and the _____ of the wrist. phalanges; metacarpals; carpals
the scaphoid
Created by: alyssa_yocom