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Advanced Exam Terms

Bar line The lines which cross the staff and divide it into measures are
sacred What do we call music written for church performance; religious music?
time signature This symbol appears at the beginning of the music after the clef sign; contains two numbers: the upper number indicates how many beats are in each measure, and the lower number tells what type of note receives one beat.
ledger lines These are short lines which are added to extend the range of the staff when the notes are too low or too high to be written on the staff.
grand staff The bass staff and treble staff connected by a brace and a line is called the
measure What is the area between two bar lines?
Tie Two notes of the same pitch joined by a curved line over or under the note. Each note joined by this is held for its full value but only the first note is played or sung.
Note Head The oval-shaped part of a note; may be hollow or filled is called the
Bass Clef The clef used for notes in the lower pitch ranges; F clef in the
Harmony Two or more notes sounded together is
Composer This is the person who creates a piece of music.
Pick up The note(s) in an incomplete measure at the beginning of a piece or section of music.
Repeat sign The two dots with a double bar line; this means to return to the beginning or previous repeat sign at the beginning of the section.
Slur This symbol smoothly connects two or more notes of different pitches by a curved line over or under the notes.
Downbeat The first beat of a measure is the
Staff The five lines and the four spaces between them on which music notes and other symbols are written
Tempo This sounds out a steady beat; tempo is determined by the number of beats per minute
Arranger This is a person who takes an existing piece of music and re-works it for a different set of voices and/or instruments.
clef This is the sign that helps to organize the staff so notes can be easily read.
Notes The oval-shaped symbols that are placed on the lines and in the spaces of the staff to represent pitches are called
Stem The line that extends from the note head; goes up on the right side or down on the left side.
Ensemble This is a group of musicians who perform together.
Treble Clef This is the clef used for notes in the higher pitch ranges; G clef.
Rests These symbols indicate silences in music
Unison This is written when all parts sing the same pitches at the same time.
Secular This is music written for performance outside the church; non-religious music.
Double Bar Line This indicates the end of a piece of music.
Beam The line that connects two or more flagged notes.
Melody The main tune of a piece is called the
Pitch A musical sound is called the
Created by: Malaika
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