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Terms MTE/562

25 terms to know for MTE/562

TermDefinition
variables of interest variables such as, how much a student knows about a subject, how well can they follow operations, how positive are they about a subject.
Assessment a broad term used to describe kinds of testing and measuring, in the case of teachers, measuring or testing to a student's status.
Achievement tests a measurement of the knowledge and/or skills a student possesses.
Alignment the substantive agreement between two or more of the following: curriculum, instruction, and assessment.
alternate assessments meaningfully different tests intended for students with disabilities so that more valid inferences can be made about the students than if the original test were used.
alternate-form reliability the consistency of measured results yielded by different forms of the same test.
diagnostic assessment assessment which is conducted before the teacher instructs to see where the students are in the knowledge of the material.
analytic scoring a method of scoring a student's responses involving the application of multiple evaluative criteria.
anonymity-enhancement procedures the steps a teacher takes so that a student accurately perceives his or her responses to self-report affective assessment inventories are truly untraceable.
binary-choice item a test item requiring a student to select one or two presented options.
Blind-scoring when student's tests are judged without the judges' knowing whether a test was completed as a pretest or a posttest.
classification-consistency a representation of the proportion of students who are placed in the same classification category on two testing occasions of by using two forms of the same test.
construct-related evidence of validity empirical evidence that 1 supports the posited existence of a hypothetical construct and indicates an assessment device does, in fact, measure that construct.
content-related evidence of validity evidence indication that an assessment instrument suitably reflects the content domain it is supposed to represent.
correlation coefficient a numerical index reflecting the nature and strength of the relationship between two variables.
criterion-referenced measurement an approach to assessment in which a student's test performance is interpreted according to how much of a defined assessment domain has been mastered by the student
criterion-related evidence of validity evidence demonstrating that systematic relationship of test scores on a predictor test to a predicted criterion variable
criterion variable an external variable that serves as the to-be-predicted exam, such as an aptitude test.
disparate impact If test scores of different groupware decidedly different, this is described as an assessment procedure having a disparate impact on test takers.
distractor analysis Scrutiny of a student's empirical performances on the different answer options contained in multiple-choice and matching items.
educational defensibility guideline a guideline for test preparation stipulating that no test-preparation practice should increase a student's test scores without simultaneously increasing his or her mastery of the assessment domain represented by the test.
empirical item improvement improving an item's quality based on a student's performance on the item.
formative assessment a planned process in which assessment-elicits evidence of students' status is used by teachers to adjust their ongoing instructional procedures of by students to adjust their current learning tactics.
grain-size the breadth of a curricular aim, ranging form small grain-size aims.
halo effect the error of allowing a test-scorer's overall impression of a student to influence any criterion-by-criterion evaluations of the student's response to a test.
holistic scoring the method of scoring a student's constructed responses that calls for the synthesized application of multiple evaluative criteria.
hypergeneral rubrics scoring guides whose evaluative criteria are described in excessively general hence, dysfunctional terms
Created by: mamawolf86
 

 



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