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Neuroanatomy II

Autism

QuestionAnswer
What developmental disorder characterized by repetitive or stereotyped patterns of behavior and impairments in communication and social interactions. Autism
When does autism typically appear? during the first three years
Autism is result of a neurological disorder that affects normal functioning of brain, impacting development in areas of ________ and ________ skills. social interaction and communication
What all is affected with autism? verbal and nonverbal communication, social interactions, and leisure or play activities.
Autism is categorized as a ________ developmental disorder. Pervasive
What are the four other pervasive developmental disorders? Asperger's disorder, rhett's disorder, childhood disentigrative disorder, PDD-not otherwise specified
Do Autistic children seem normal at birth? yes
These signs of autism typically appear during the first three years of life..... failure to speak by 16 months, poor eye contact, inability to play with toys, obsessive attachment to toy or object, failure to smile
What are some stereotypies of autism? hand-flapping, finger-snapping, rocking
What are some of the dangerous behaviors associated with autism? head banging, pica, self-mutilation, attacking others without provacation
Is autism a mental illness? no
What is the prevalence of autism? 1 in 500
What is the prevalence in the united states? 1 in 166
How many Americans have autism? 1-1.5 million
Autism rates are growing at ___ to ____ %. 10-17%
What is the male/female ration of autism? 4:1
What is the pathogenesis of autism? altered brain development resulting in accelerated brain growth(both gray and white matter) during early postnatal development
The recurrence risk for autism in first degree relatives =? 4.5%
The recurrence risk for autism in second degree relatives =? 1%
The recurrence risk for autism in third degree relatives =? .05%
The recurrence risk for autism in the general population =? .04%
Genetic risk factors for autism are caused by a mutation in the gene that encodes a protein called _______. FMRP
A lack of FMRP causes what? fragile x syndrome
Lack of FMRP greatly increases odds of developing autism, from ______ in general population to ______ for children with fragile X 1 in 500/ 1 in 5
One way to diagnose autism is if the baby does not coo by ___ months. 12
One way to diagnose autism is if the baby does not gesture by ___ months. 12
One way to diagnose autism is if the baby does not say single words by ___ months. 16
One way to diagnose autism is if the baby does not say two-word phrases on his or her own by ___ months 24
One way to diagnose autism is if the child has any loss of any language or social skill at _________. any age
With autism, most costs are associated with treatment of _______ with autism. Adults
What leads to better outcomes? early diagnosis
Created by: txst spr 2009