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Learning and Remembe

Stack #222271

Levels of Processing Any perceived stimulus receives some amount of mental processing. Some stimuli receive only incidental attention, are prerceived to a very shallow level in memory, possiblility no deeper than a sensory level.
Craig & Lockhart -1972-Levels of Processing , variables Independent Variable- Orienting Task TypeDependent Variable- Incidental RecallResults:Superior Recall if taskrequired meaningful processing
Elaborative Rehearsal Complex kind of rehearsal taht uses the meaning of the information to help store and remember it- Type II Rehearsal
Problems with LOP Empirical- guided by Experience or ExperimentConceptual-Relating to Concepts of mental perception
Glenberg, Smith & Green's view vs. Craik Lockharts's view Craik & Lockhart POV- shallow processing always leads to poor retentionGlenberg- More repetition and Time in short term memory affects repition
Glensbergs TaskTask 1- Hold 4 digit number in mindTask 2-Repeat 3 words aloud(Rote Rehearsal), variables IV: Amount of Role RehearsalDV: Incidental recall and recognition of wordsmore rehearsal>superior recognition
Craik and watkinis, 1973 No effect on recall
Stein -1978- Words with Single cApitalized letter, variable IV-Orienting Task TypeIV- Type of Distractor ItemsDV-4-alternative, forced -choice recognition memory
Encoding Specificity- Tulving & Thompson, 1973 Each item is encoded into a richer memory represetnation, one that includeds any extra info.abt the item that was present during encoding
Encoding Specificity- Tulving and Thompson 1973- superior memory when cuews processed at encoding match those needed at retrieval, variable Cue word pairs w/instructions to remember wordsIV- Cue Type- none, strong, weak associateIV- Test Cue TypeDV-Recallconclusion: recall of unrecognized words
Created by: neaka