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Must Know List

SOL Review

What charge does a proton have? positive
What charge does a neutron have? neutral
What part of an atom has a negative charge? electron
The nucleus of an atom contains what two parts? protons and neutrons
Protons + neutrons equal what? atomic mass
Most of an atom is ____? empty space
The current model of an atom is called the electron cloud model
Where do you find protons and neutrons? in the nucleus
Where can you find a list of every element that has been discovered? on the periodic table of the elements
Where do you find metals on the periodic table? on the left side
What makes up the atomic number? the number of protons in the atom
What is the equation for Photosynthesis? Carbon Dioxide + Water Oxygen + Glucose
What is glucose? Sugar made by plants
What is a producer? Organism that makes its own food
What is a consumer? Organisms that cannot make their own food
What are herbivores? Organisms that only eat plants
What are carnivores? Organisms that only eat meat
What are omnivores? Organisms that eat both plants and meat
What is being passed on in food chains and food webs? Energy
What are 2 organelles that plant cells have and animal cells do not? Cell Wall and Chloroplasts (that are filled with Chlorophyll)
What is the function of the nucleus in cells? The brain of the cell, organizes all cell activities
What is the function of the mitochondria in cells? The power house of the cell, turn food into energy
What is the function of the ribosomes in cells? Protein in the cells
What is the function of the vacuole in the cells? Stores waste and water
What is a chemical change? New substance is formed, cannot get original substance back
What is a physical change? Parts are still the same, just changed form, size
What is kinetic energy? Energy of motion
What is potential energy? Stored up energy
Name the fossil fuels Oil (petroleum), coal, natural gas
What does ‘Renewable Resource’ mean? A resource that can be replaced in your life time
What 2 factors create a Biome? Temperature and Precipitation
What biome has the greatest diversity of plants and animals? Tropical Rainforest
What is ‘permafrost’? Ground in the Tundra that is permanently frozen
What biome do we live in? Temperate Deciduous Forest
What is a Coniferous plant? A tree that does not lose its leaves and has cones
When the Earth goes around the sun we call this a Revolution
The spinning of the Earth on its axis is called rotation
Why do we experience seasons? The Earth is tilted on its axis
What keeps the moon from floating away? Earth’s gravity
Name the planets in order from the Sun Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune
Name the wavelengths of the Electromagnetic Spectrum in order from longest to shortest Radio, Microwaves, Infrared, Visible, Ultraviolet, X-ray, Gamma Ray
What is the waste product of photosynthesis? Oxygen
What is a valence electron? Electrons in the outmost shell of an atom, they are what causes atoms to interact with other atoms
Freezing, melting, cutting, breaking, ripping, evaporating, mixing are all examples of ____________ change. Physical
Combustion, burning, photosynthesis, rusting are examples of ___ change. Chemical
Day and night are caused by Earth’s rotation
During photosynthesis, plants take in their energy from the Sun
Created by: Ms Potts