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CNS Drugs

QuestionAnswer
Benzodiazepines do...?? Release GABA to help sleep, decr. anxiety, prep, ETOH withdrawal
What are the benzodiazepines? Valium, Xanax, Ativan, Versed
Adverse of benzodiazepines over sedation, hangover, decr. respiration
What is the reversal for benzodiazepines? Romazicon
Agents for sleep Ambien, Lunesta, Benadryl, Rozerem, Sonata
Skeletal muscle relaxants Soma, Lioresal, Flexeril
Soma, Liorsal, Flexeril acute musculoskeletal pain, relieve spasm
Adverse to Skeletal Muscle Relaxants drowsiness, dizziness, N/V, flaccid muscles, dependence
Dantrium weaken muscle contraction for MALIGNANT HYPERTHERMIA, CP, OR STROKE
Dilantin stabilizes nerve membranes for all SEIZURES EXCEPT ABSENSE
Adverse effect of dilantin gingival hyperplasia
Therapeutic range for Dilantin 5-20 mcg/mL
Who cannot use Dilantin elderly and severe kidney/liver disease
Klonopin severe recurrent seizures
Tegretol SEIZURES
Lamictal SEIZURES
Depakene SEIZURES
Topamax SEIZURES
Neruotin SEIZURES
Keppra SEIZURES
Luminal SEIZURES limited use today
Sinemet increase dopamine for PARKINSON and RESTLESS LEG SYNDROME
Adverse of Sinemet early: "pill rolling", N/V, anorexia, orthoostatic hypotension, dizziness Late: involuntary movements, akinetic spells, anxiety, depression
Who should not use Sinemet? narrow angle glaucoma, melanoma, GI, heart disease
What do you watch for with Sinemet? darkening urine
Artane and Cogentin anticholinergic for EARLY PARKINSONS
Who should not use artane and cogentin? glaucoma, GI-GU obstruction, heart disease, elderly, young
Symmetrel Parkinsons
Parlodel Parkinsons
Mirapex Parkinsons
Requip Parkinsons
Imitrex and Zomig anti-migraine vasoconstict vessels in brain
Adverse Imitrex and Zomig nausea, HTN, dizziness, weakness
Who cannot have Imitrex and Zomig? CAD, HTN, do not give within 24h of ergot alkaloids
Ergot alkaloids (Ergomar and Cafergot) reduce extra cranial blood flow ANTI-MIGRAINE
who should not take ergot alkaloids? pregnant, severe HTN, CAD
adverse effects of Ergot alkaloids N/V, cramps, confusion, decreased circulation
Vampiric acid MIGRAINE
Neurotin MIGRAINE
Topamax MIGRAINE
etomidate IV ANESTHESIA
propofol IV ANESTHESIA
Fentanyl citrate IV ANESTHESIA
ethrane INHALANT ANESTHESIA
nitrous oxide INHALENT ANESTHESIA
Tacrium NEUROMUSCULAR BLOCK
Norcuron NEUROMUSCULAR BLOCK
Anectine NEUROMUSCULAR BLOCK
Versed CONSCIOUS SEDATION
FENTANYL CONSCIOUS SEDATION
lidocaine LOCAL ANESTHETIC
Marcaine LOCAL ANESTHETIC
Adderall ADHD, NARCOLEPSY, WEIGHT REDUCTION
Ritalin ADHD, NARCOLEPSY, WEIGHT REDUCTION
Intuniv ADHD, NARCOLEPSY, WEIGHT REDUCTION
Strettera ADHD, NARCOLEPSY, WEIGHT REDUCTION
Adverse effects of ADHD meds nervousness, irritability, HA
Who should not take ADHD meds anxiety, glaucoma, pregnant, HTN, dependence
Phenothiazines block dopamine receptors for SCHIZOPHRENIA, MANIA, PSYCHOTIC DEPRESSION
Thorazine Phenothiazine -- SCHIZOPHRENIA
Prolixin Phenothiazine -- SCHIZOPHRENIA
Stelazine Phenothiazine -- SCHIZOPHRENIA
Adverse effects of phenothiazine excessive sedation, slurred speech, impaired mental processes
Nonphenothiazines control symptoms of SCHIZOPHRENIA
Haldol nonphenothiazine control symptoms of SCHIZOPHRENIA
Adverse of Haldol seizures, decreased BP, EPS symptoms, EKG changes
Clozaril NEW SCHIZOPHRENIA
Risperdal NEW SCHIZOPHRENIA
Zyprexa NEW SCHIZOPHRENIA
Who should not take Clozaril, Risperdal, Zyprexa agranulocytosis, hyperglycemia, weight gain
Eskalith BIPOLAR
Who should not use Eskalith? cardiac/renal disease, hyponatremia, pregnancy, leukemia
Therapeutic level for Eskalith 0.6-1.2
Adverse for Eskalith metallic taste, twitching, diarrhea, thirst
What to look out for with Eskalith Salt changes
TCA antidepressants do...? decrease serotonin and norepinephrine for DEPRESSION AND BED WETTING
Adverse TCA antidepressants sedation, orthostatic hypotension, decreased GI, dry mouth, cardiac arrhythmia, urinary retention
TCA antidepressants: Tofranil and Elavil
SSRI do...? increase serotonin for DEPRESSION, OCD, BULIMIA
SSRI Prozac, Celexa, Paxil, Zoloft
SSRI adverse anxiety, nausea, decreased appetite, weight loss, HA
MAO prevent metabolism of neurotransmitters
Adverse of MAO hypertensive with tyramine foods (cheese, beer, chocolate, yogurt, smoked meats)
Zyban DEPRESSION
Effexor DEPRESSION
Cymbalta DEPRESSION
Remeron DEPRESSION
Created by: kelseystein
 

 



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