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Medical Terms A - C

Absorption Rate The amount of time it takes after a drug is administered for it to enter the bloodstream.
acute Usually refers to a condition that has a fast onset time, severe affect, and short course of duration.
Admixture Two or more drugs blended or mixed together to create a desired substance or solution.
Adverse Reaction When the body has an undesired or negative response to a medication or drug-drug interaction.
Agonist A drug that triggers a receptor to produce a physiologic response. An easy way to remember the difference is: Agonists try to make things happen, Antagonists try to stop things from happening.
Allegation An unofficial Math maneuver that can be used to determine ratios for compounding.
Amphetamine Central nervous system stimulant prescribed for the treatment of : ADHD, Narcolepsy, Obesity and other conditions. Also known as "Speed", Amphetamines are highly addictive and DEA controlled.
Ampule A (small) sealed glass vial that is to be 'broken' open and normally contains injection solution.
Analgesic Often referred to as "pain relievers", Analgesics are drug used to reduce or suppress pain. (ex. Aspirin, Ibuprofen, Oxycodone, etc.)
Anaphylactic Shock The body's reaction to Anaphylaxis caused by your immune system.
Anaphylaxis The body's reaction to Anaphylaxis caused by your immune system.
Anestetic Drugs that create an insensitivity to pain by blocking nerve transmission to the brain.
Antagonist Drugs designed to block a receptor-mediated effect created by neurotransmitters. An easy way to remember the difference is: Agonists try to make things happen, Antagonists try to stop things from happening.
Anticoagulant A drug that is used to decrease or prevent the formation of blood clots
Anticonvulsant These are drugs used to help prevent seizures or to lessen the severity of a seizure.
Antiemetic Drugs used to prevent, alleviate or suppress nausea and vomiting.
Antihistamine Drugs used to counteract the immune systems histamine reaction to allergy or respiratory illness.
Antineoplastic Drugs prescribed to slow the growth of malignant tumors
Antipyretic Drugs used to relieve or prevent muscle spasms.
Antispasmotic Drugs used to relieve or prevent muscle spasms.
Antitussive Another word for pharmacist. However, it also refers to a system of weights and measures.
Aqueous Refers to when something is, or to be water based.
Aseptic Technique A sanitation practice performed with a goal of minimizing contamination by pathogens
Auxiliary Label Additional labels placed on prescription packaging that provide supplementary information, various warnings, routes of administrations, etc.
AWP (Average Wholesale Price) Found in the Redbook, the AWP of a drug is the average price at which drugs are purchased at the wholesale level. It is mainly used to determine third-party reimbursement.
Bactericidal Drugs that destroy / kill bacteria.
Bacteriostatic Drugs that slow down or inhibit the duplication (growth) of bacteria.
Bio-Availability The rate which a drug is made available to the target site of physiological activity
Bio-Equivalence When a drug has the same biological effect / efficacy / bioavailability as a a similar drug with a different formulation
Bronchodilator - A drug that widens passages in the lungs to ease breathing.
Buccal Tablet held between the cheek and gum which dissolves, thereby permitting quicker absorption
CC Abbreviation for cubic centimeter = Same as 1 mL (Milliliter
Celsius Centigrade Standard measure of temperature in Science / Metric system. Water freezes at 0 and boils at 100.
Closed Formulary A program where drugs not listed in the Formulary require prior authorization or may not be covered whatsoever by the insurer.
Coinsurance A cost-sharing method where a patient pays only a percentage for medication after their deductible is met, and their insurer pays the rest.
Chronic Refers to an illness that persists for a long period of time or frequent re-occurence.
Communicable Refers to illness / disease that is contagious or transmittable to others.
Compound A final substance (or solution) made from two or more substances
Compounding The creation of a particular drug mixture to fit the unique need of a patient.
Controlled Release (CR) Refers to drugs formulations designed to release gradually over a specific time.
Controlled Substance - - In the U.S., it refers to drugs that are regulated by the Drug Enforcement Agency.
Co-Pay A set dollar amount a patient must pay for a prescription out-of-pocket when it's dispensed.
Created by: collesong



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