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Psych 495 Ch 11 Defs

Definitions from Chapter 11

attributional ambiguity the difficulty that stigmatized group members have interpreting feedback from dominant group members because it is unclear whether actual assessments are being colored by bias or by social desirability
personal/group discrimination discrepancy (PGDD) people's belief that their group, as a whole, is more likely to be discriminated against than they are as individuals
stigma consciousness the belief that we live in a stereotyped world and this affects interactions with outgroups
stereotype threat when a stigmatized group member's awareness of a stereotype, and fear of confirming it, harms performance
stereotype lift boost for groups that are aware of the stereotypes about others with whom they are comparing themselves
behavioral compensation strategy to cope with prejudice and discrimination by changing behaviour in ways that disconfirm stereotypes
disidentification devaluing a domain; defining or redefining self concept so that the domain is no longer an area of self-identification.
psychological disengagement a defensive detachment of self-esteem from outcomes in a particular domain so feelings of self-worth are not dependent on success or failure in that domain
stigmatized members of non-privileged groups who violate the norms established by the dominant group ; "deviant" or "marked ones" are "devalued, spoiled or flawed"
benign stigmas factors that give the experience of being different and shameful in only a short-lived, relatively harmless way
courtesy stigma/stigma by association perceived difference based on a person associating with a member of a non-privileged group
token status when an individual is a minority in a setting and stigmatized because of it
visibility the tendency of tokens to be noticed
contrast the polarization or exaggeration of differences between a token and the dominant group
assimilation when a token is stereotyped, especially when characteristics are distorted to fit the stereotype.
chilly climate cumulative negative effects of being in the minority can make tokens feel unwelcome or unsupported in that environment and work/personal life can suffer for it.
Created by: Z1759032